Various types of vegetables have been used for centuries for taste as well as health. Many of these vegetables are common, but few people know about them. One of them is ‘Artichoke’. Actually, it is not a vegetable but an immature flower bud, which is used as a vegetable. This vegetable is believed to relieve symptoms of many diseases as well as help in maintaining health. This is the reason that in this article we are going to give the necessary information about the artichoke. Here you will know the advantages and disadvantages of artichokes as well as the methods of its use.
Let us first know what the benefits of artichokes can be.
Benefits of Artichokes
1. Eliminate digestive problems:
Artichokes can be used to overcome digestive problems. In this regard, a research has also been published on the website of NCBI (National Center of Biotechnology Information). According to this research, the stimulant of bile (liver fluid) present in the extracts of artichoke leaves can aid digestion. It may also be beneficial in relieving the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome, such as abdominal pain and dyspepsia (1) (2) .
Actually, irritable bowel syndrome i.e. intestinal problem is also one of the digestive problems (3) . The fiber present in artichokes is believed to help overcome digestive problems (4) (5) . Artichoke can be consumed in the form of decoction or tea to relieve digestive problems.
2. Prevent cancer from growing:
According to studies conducted on artichokes, its extract can prevent the spread of cancer cells by having a negative effect on breast cancer cells. Actually, it contains a chemical compound called polyphenol, which can slow down the activity of cancer cells (6) . Chemopreventive activity is also found in it due to the polyphenolic compound present in the artichoke (7) . Chemopreventive properties can reduce the rate of spread of cancer as well as slowing the risk of recurrence, ie, cancer once again (8) .
3. Improves Liver Health:
Consuming artichoke can also be beneficial for the liver. Actually, its intake can improve liver enzymes. It contains flavonoids and caffeoylquinic acid, which exhibit hepatoprotective activity and hypolipidemic effect. Hepatoprotective properties protect the liver from damage and can also be beneficial in nonalcoholic steatohepatitis-NASH. In fact, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis is a disease in which fat accumulates in the liver without alcohol consumption. Causing liver inflammation and infection (9). According to a research published on the NCBI website, artichoke shows the most beneficial effects on the liver. Extracts of roots and leaves of artichokes can be used to keep the liver healthy. It can also help liver cells to regenerate (2) .
4. Cardiovascular Health:
Artichoke is one of the oldest plants grown in the world. Extracts from various parts of its plant (leaves, fruits and roots) have been used medicinally from time to time. This is the reason why the benefits of artichokes also include heart health. According to a study done in Italy, awareness of alternative use of artichoke is necessary for the prevention of cardiovascular diseases (10) . Actually, it can help prevent heart disease by lowering cholesterol (2) . Flavonide present in it can reduce hypercholesterolemia (hypercholesterolemia, high cholesterol levels), and antioxidant properties can prevent atherosclerosis (atherosclerosis, plaque in the arteries). Both of these problems are related to heart disease (11) .
Ethanol extracts of artichoke leaves have antihyperglycemic properties. This property can reduce the level of diabetes by reducing the level of glucose. During a research on the NCBI website, extracts of artichoke leaves (200 to 400 mg per kg weight) were given to mice for a set time, reducing their glucose level from 42.84 to 37.91 percent. The anti-diabetic effect present in it is believed to be due to a compound such as terpenoids, phenols, flavonoids, tannins, and cardiac glycosides. In addition, the antioxidant properties present in it can also prevent organ damage caused by diabetes (12) .
6. Avoid lead poisoning:
Lead means lead, an environmental pollutant that can adversely affect health. This can cause serious diseases related to liver, kidney and other organs. This is the reason why it is important to protect the body from lead poisoning. In such a case, artichokes can prove useful. Indeed, due to the phenolics and flavonoid compound present in it, it has been considered helpful in removing the amount of lead present in blood and tissue. Indeed, oxidative stress increases due to lead poisoning. This stress affects the liver, kidney, brain and other organs. It is believed that antioxidant properties may be effective to reduce the side effects of lead. This property is also found in artichokes, so it can be considered a good way to prevent lead poisoning (13) .
Consumption of artichokes can improve lipid profiles, thereby keeping cholesterol levels under control. It has been found to have the potential to improve triglycerides and total cholesterol levels. The components luteolin and chlorogenic acid present in it are believed to play an important role in reducing cholesterol (14) .
8. Blood Pressure:
According to a research paper on the NCBI website, when some patients with blood pressure were given artichoke juice, after consuming it for 12 weeks, there was a slight reduction in the high blood pressure of the patients. In such a situation, it can be considered that its intake may be beneficial for patients with high BP (11) . On the other hand, artichokes are rich in potassium, which is considered beneficial for protection against BP and cardiovascular diseases (15) .
9. Skin health and skin aging:
The polyphenols present in artichokes may be beneficial for the skin. It can help protect the skin from the harmful rays of the sun as well as the side effects of free radicals. This is probably why it is used as an anti-aging element in cosmetics. It can help in removing the dryness of the skin as well as maintain the elasticity of the skin (7) .
One cause of skin aging is also disturbances in collagen metabolism (a type of protein metabolism). In such a situation, collagen metabolism can be increased by prolonged use of artichokes. In addition, the anti-inflammatory properties present in it may also help protect against skin edema (inflammation) (16) . It can also be added to the diet as a paste and applied to the skin.
Note: Note that some of the studies mentioned above have been conducted on animals, some on humans and some in labs.
After the benefits of artichokes, let’s take a look at the nutrients present in it.
The nutritional value of artichokes
The body gets the benefits of artichokes only due to the nutrients present in it. This is the reason why we are going through the table below about the nutrients present in the artichokes (4) .
|NUTRIENTS||QUANTITY PER 100 GRAMS|
|Total fat||0.15 g|
|vitamin C||11.7 mg|
|Follett, Total||68 µg|
|Vitamin A, RAE||1 µg|
|Carotene, beta||8 g|
|Vitamin A, IU||13 IU|
|Lutein + xanthine||464 µg|
|Vitamin E, (alpha-tocopherol)||0.19 mg|
|Vitamin K||14.8 µg|
|Fatty acid, saturated||0.036 g|
Following the nutrient present in the artichoke, we are explaining below how the artichoke can be used.
Use of Artichokes
You already know the benefits of artichokes. Now it is also necessary to know about its use. Many people are not aware of the benefits of artichoke, because they are not aware of which part of it is eaten and which is not. In such a situation, we are telling you about the use and consumable part of the artichoke below.
Eat qualified part:
- The middle part that remains after removing the artichoke leaves is most commonly used in food. This part of the artichoke is also called a heart.
- Apart from this, its leaves are also used. But instead of eating it whole, the leaf is thrown away by eating its soft part after pulling it with teeth.
- Other leaves should be consumed only after the first few leaves of artichokes are removed.
Use of artichokes :
- Artichokes can be boiled and dipped in chutney or cheese and eaten.
- It is also included in the diet by grilling and roasting it.
- It can be used for stuffed bread or other stuffing recipes like potato stuffing.
- The most popular method of cooking artichokes is steaming.
- It can also be used to make smoothies.
- Decoction and tea can also be made from artichoke leaves.
- Its powder can be consumed directly or dissolved in water.
- Artichokes can also be taken as a pill.
How much to consume :
Although no specific amount of artichoke is used, but according to a report based on this, the amount of its intake can be estimated (17) :
- For hypercholesterolemia and indigestion, one to two grams of water solution made from the powder of its dried leaves can be consumed.
- Adults can take 5 to 10 grams of its crude drugs.
- Up to 6 grams of its dried leaves can be used throughout the day for herbal tea.
After explaining how to use the artichoke, we are now talking about the loss of the artichoke below.
Disadvantages of Artichokes
Apart from the benefits of artichoke, excessive intake of it can also damage health. Below we are talking about the loss of some common artichokes (17) :
- Gas problem.
- Minor diarrhea with abdominal cramps.
- Allergic reaction.
- Nausea and Heart Burn.
- It is advisable not to use it during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
- Anticoagulants may reduce the effect of medicines, such as phenprocommon and warfarin). These medicines work to prevent blood clots.
- Feeling weakness
- Loss of appetite or excessive hunger.
We have explained both the benefits and disadvantages of artichokes in this article. Now you can use artichokes with your understanding. Keep in mind that rather than directly curing the diseases mentioned in the article, Artichoke can help to relieve symptoms and prevent them. If suffering from any kind of serious disease, it is prudent to contact a doctor. Home remedies can be used to stay healthy and to avoid diseases. If after reading the article, some questions about the artichoke are in your mind, then we can reach them through the comment box.