Bed Sores Causes Symptoms And Home Remedies
Bed Sores Causes Symptoms And Home Remedies

It is normal to have a wound on the body due to external injury. At the same time, there are some internal problems behind these wounds, which are not known soon. Bedsore is one such problem, which can cause severe wounds on the body in the absence of treatment. In such a situation, it is important that the person should have the necessary information about the bedsore. Here this article of stylecrase can be beneficial for the readers, because this article has shared not only the causes of bedsores, but also the symptoms of bedsores and home remedies for bedsores. Readers should note that home remedies for bedsores, included in the article, may be somewhat helpful in reducing this problem. If the problem is serious, then get medical treatment done.

First of all, know in detail what is bedsore (pressure ulcer).

What are bedsores

When a person remains in one side or position for a long time, the pressure on the skin on that side starts. This often occurs in organs where there is not much flesh between the skin and bone, such as the ankle, back, elbow, heel, and hip. Due to pressure, the skin of that area starts to damage and there are sores. These wounds are called bedsores or pressure ulcers. This problem can be more for those who are in wheelchairs, spend more time in bed due to old age or any physical problem or who have trouble changing their body posture. In some cases bedsores can also cause serious infections, some of which can be fatal.

Know further how many stages of bedsore occur.

Stages of Bed Sores

The bedsore is divided into four stages, which begin to take serious form with each growing phase. Know about the four stages of pressure ulcer below:

Stage 1 – In this stage the color, temperature and consistency of the affected skin starts changing. However, in this stage the skin does not peel off in any way, there is no abscess nor the skin tissue is affected. During this time, in some cases the skin of the affected area starts to look different and in some cases it looks normal. In cases of normal appearance of the skin, the changes in the skin can be detected by touching it.

Stage 2 – In this stage the effect of the bedsore starts on the upper layer of the skin (epidermal layer) and it can gradually reach the inner layer. Wounds appear on the skin in this phase. In some cases these lesions are open and in some cases blisters filled with pus or serosengineous (blood and a kind of thin yellow substance). In this stage there may also be a problem on the skin around the skin of the affected area.

Stage 3 – In this stage the effect of pressure ulcer reaches the innermost layer of the skin. During this time, the muscles, bones and fascia (a type of connective tissue present under the skin) begin to appear under the affected skin, but ulcers have no effect on them directly. During this time, necrotic slow tissue starts appearing on the wound. These are non-Viable tissues in which blood circulation is reduced and their color becomes creamy or yellow.

Stage 4 – This is the last stage of pressure ulcer. In this phase the effect of ulcer starts on the muscles and bones of the affected area along with the skin. People suffering from stage 3 and stage 4 require special types of medical treatment.

In the next part of the article we will tell you what the causes of bedsores can be.

Causes of Bed Sores

Know the reasons for bedsore below-

  1. Pressure – The main reason for bedsore is to sit or lie in the same position for a long time. This creates direct pressure on the affected skin. When there is constant pressure on the compressed part of the body, the soft tissue of that part starts to take an abnormal shape. In addition, the blood vessels of that organ begin to turn, resulting in reduced circulation of blood there. If this communication is short for one to two hours, it can cause pressure ulcers.
  1. Shear – Shear means the twisting of vessels, along with the pressure to reduce the circulation of something and reduce blood circulation. For this reason it can be said that the turning of vessels is also involved in the cause of bedsores.
  2. Friction – The rubbing of any two things is called friction. Along with pressure and shear, it is also included in the cause of bedsores. Actually, due to friction, the shear effect is created. In areas where there is a lack of blood in the skin due to pressure, the effect of friction is easily there, which further causes the wound.
  3. Idleness – This is not a cause in itself, but its other factors are due to bedsores . In some diseases, when a person spends a long period of time in bed without any hiccups, the possibility of getting bedsore increases in such a situation.
  4. Reactive Hyperemia Cycle Failure – When the blood circulation starts to decrease due to the pressure in the tissue of an organ of the body, the protection system present in the body tries to normalize the blood circulation by reducing the pressure. This process is called reactive hyperemia. At the same time, due to the failure of this process, the fear of bedsores in a person increases.

Along with these, there are some risk factors that can be included in the cause of bedsores, such as ( 5 ):

  • Use of a wheelchair or stay in bed for a long time.
  • Aged person.
  • Do not move parts of the body without help.
  • Suffering from a disease that affects blood circulation, such as diabetes.
  • Alzheimer’s disease or any other condition that affects mental state.
  • Delicate skin.
  • Loss of control of the bladder or bowel.
  • Not getting enough nutrition.

In this section of the article you will learn what are the symptoms of bedsore.

Symptoms of Bed Sores

Some of the common symptoms of bedsore can be seen as follows –

  • Changes in color of the affected skin and swelling.
  • Warming of the affected area.
  • Skin softening of the affected area.
  • Pain in affected area.

Severe symptoms of bedsore can be seen as follows –

  • Skin rash
  • Blisters
  • Ulcer formation
  • Wound healing

Find out how home remedies for pressure ulcers can work in the next part of the article.

Home Remedies for Bed Sores – Home Remedies for Bed Sores

Home remedies for bedsores are described below:

1. Sitz Bath

material:

  • a bathtub
  • Lukewarm water

Method of use:

  • Fill a bath tub with about four to five inches of lukewarm water.
  • Now immerse the affected part of the bedsore in it.
  • After sitting for about 10 to 15 minutes, wipe the organ with clean towels.
  • Do not put soap, body wash or any other material in the bath tub while taking a sitz bath.
  • This process can be repeated twice a day.

How it works:

As we have told you above, the pressure on the soft tissue (soft tissue) of any part of the body can cause a decrease in blood circulation there. As a result, it causes pressure ulcers. As such, the sitz bath may serve as a home remedy for pressure ulcers. By immersing the bedsore in warm water, it can help to heal the wound. Sitz baths can help in blood vessel dilation (Vasodilation), which can improve blood circulation. Also, it can prove helpful in reducing inflammation. Scientifically, more research is still being done on this topic.

2. Witch Hazel

material :

  • Witch hazel water
  • Cotton as required

Method of use:

  • First soak the cotton in witch hazel water.
  • Now keep it on the affected area for some time.
  • When the water dries, remove the cotton from the bed.
  • This remedy can be adopted two to three times a day.

How it works:

The use of witch hazel can be beneficial in home remedies for bedsores. Witch hazel has antiinflammatory properties, which may also be beneficial in reducing inflammation of the bedsore lesion. Additionally, it also has antibacterial properties, which can help keep germs clean by eliminating germs on the wound. The properties of the witch hazel may prove to be somewhat beneficial as a home remedy for bedsores.

3. Tea Tree Oil

Material :

  • One to two drops of tea tree oil
  • A spoonful of olive oil
  • Cotton (as required)

Method of use:

  • Mix tea tree oil in olive oil in a bowl.
  • Now apply this mixture of oil on the affected area with the help of cotton.
  • This process can be repeated two to three times a day.

How it works:

Tea tree oil has many properties, due to which it can prove beneficial in reducing the symptoms of essential oil bedsores. It has anti-inflammatory properties, which can help reduce inflammation as well as relieve pain to some extent. In addition, tea tree oil also has antimicrobial properties, which can protect the wound from infection caused by bacteria . Due to the advantages of tea tree oil, it can be used as a home remedy for bedsores.

4. Aloe vera

material :

  • Fresh aloe vera gel (as required)

Method of use:

  • Remove a little aloe vera gel from the aloe vera leaves.
  • Now apply this gel on the affected area with pressure ulcer.
  • After about 15–20 minutes, clean the gel with a clean tissue paper.
  • This process can be repeated three to four times a day.

How it works:

Aloe vera is used to relieve many skin problems. Its benefits can help reduce symptoms of bedsore such as swelling and pain. The antiseptic properties present in it may help protect the wound from fungal, virus and bacterial infections. In addition, aloe vera also has wand healing properties, which can help heal the wound quickly ( 10 ). According to a research published on the website of NCBI (National Center for Biotechnology Information), aloe vera is also used in the gel (ointment) used to treat bedsores and to some extent in curing it. May be beneficial.

5. Coconut Oil

material :

  • Virgin coconut oil as required

Method of use:

  • With the help of fingers, apply a little coconut oil on the affected area.
  • After applying the oil leave it to be absorbed into the skin.
  • This process can be repeated four to five times a day.

How it works:

The patient can get relief by applying coconut oil on the wound caused by bedsores. These advantages work behind the anti-inflammatory, analgesic and anti-pyretic properties. These properties can help normalize skin temperature along with reducing symptoms of bedsore such as swelling and pain. Apart from these, topical (on skin) use of virgin coconut oil can also help in healing wounds. At the moment, there is no direct research available on this topic, to say how beneficial coconut oil can be in treating bedsores.

6. Garlic

material :

  • Two to three buds of garlic
  • A cup of water
  •  Cotton

Method of use:

  • First peel the garlic buds.
  • Now boil these buds in a cup of water.
  • When the water changes color, turn off the gas and allow the water to cool.
  • ● After coming to normal temperature, keep this water in the refrigerator to cool down.
  • ● When the water gets cold, apply it on the wound for 10 to 15 minutes with the help of cotton.
  • ● This remedy can be done twice a day.

How it works:

Using garlic as a home remedy for pressure ulcers can help reduce its symptoms. The anti-inflammatory properties found in garlic can help reduce inflammation and at the same time, the antibacterial properties present in it can protect the wound from infection. With use on the skin, you can also use garlic in food if you want. It contains polysulfide (a type of chemical compound), which can help improve blood circulation by dilating blood vessels ( 14 ).

7. Jatyadi Oil

material :

  • One teaspoon of Jatiadi oil
  • Two glasses of water
  • Cotton

Method of use:

  • In a small bowl take one teaspoon of Jatadi oil.
  • After this, put two glasses of water in a small pot and boil it.
  • When the water starts boiling, place a small stand in the pot and place a bowl of oil on top of that stand.
  • When the oil in the bowl becomes lukewarm, turn off the gas and remove the bowl from the gas.
  • Now clean the wound thoroughly with the help of an antiseptic liquid and cotton.
  • Then apply this lukewarm oil on the wound with the help of cotton.

How it works:

In a study published by the International Journal of Research, it has been found that jatyadi oil has wound healing properties, which can help in healing wounds. Using jatyadi oil on wounds is believed to help in healing the wound caused by bedsores quickly ( 15 ).

8. Honey

material :

  • Honey (as required)
  • Cotton
  • White bandage

Method of use:

  • Apply a little honey on the wound with the help of finger.
  • Now apply cotton on it, dressing with white bandage.
  • After about 30 minutes, open the bandage and clean the honey from the wound with the help of lukewarm water.

How it works:

A research in the South Asian Journal of Cancer has found that honey can be used as a home remedy for pressure ulcers. In the results of this study on cancer patients, it has been found that using honey on pressure ulcers can not only relieve the pain and swelling of the wound but can also help in healing the wound quickly. In addition, it also has antimicrobial properties, which may help protect the wound from infection ( 16 ).

9. Balanced diet

As we have told you about the cause of bedsores, lack of nutrients can also cause bedsores. In such a situation, it becomes necessary to include essential nutrients in your diet. It is necessary to include essential vitamins (K, A, E and C) and mineral (zinc, copper and protein) in food. All these nutrients can help in healing the wound quickly. In addition, adequate amount of water is also needed in the body for correct blood circulation to the affected tissue. Therefore, with a balanced diet, drinking adequate amounts of water is also necessary ( 17 ).

10. Egg White

material :

  • An egg white
  • Cotton

Method of use:

  • After bursting an egg, take out the white part in a bowl.
  • Now apply it on the wound with the help of cotton.
  • Now dry the egg white liquid on the wound using the cool air setting of your blow dryer.
  • After this procedure, there is no need to bandage the wound.

How it works:

It may be beneficial to use egg white as a home remedy for pressure ulcers. According to a research published by West Virginia University, egg whites can help heal wounds quickly. It acts like glue over the wound and can help close it ( 18 ). Here, let us tell that this research has been done in the lab and more research is still needed to know its exact effect on humans.

11. Turmeric

material :

  • A spoonful of turmeric
  • Water (as required)

Method of use:

  • Make a paste by mixing turmeric and water as needed in a bowl.
  • Apply this paste on the affected area and leave it overnight.
  • In the morning, clean the wound with the help of lukewarm water and cotton.

How it works:

Turmeric has been used for centuries to keep the body healthy. Even turmeric can be used as a home remedy for bedsores . Due to the wound healing, anti-inflammatory and antibiotic properties present in turmeric, its paste can help in healing the wound quickly ( 19 ). According to a research published on the NCBI website, the main element present in turmeric, curcumin, can help heal the wound quickly, by healing the damage done to the tissue ( 20 ).

12. Green Tea

material :

  • A green tea bag
  • A cup of lukewarm water
  • A spoonful of honey

Method of use:

  • Add a spoonful of honey to a cup of lukewarm water.
  • Now put a green tea bag in it for about two to three minutes.
  • Now eat green tea.

How it works:

Green tea can also be used as a home remedy for pressure ulcers . It contains epigallocatechin-3-gallate (epigallocatechin-3-gallate – a type of catechin), which can help in blood circulation by relaxing blood vessels, thereby relaxing from the bedsores. In addition, green tea also has antiinflammatory and wound healing properties, which can help reduce inflammation of the affected skin and heal the wound quickly.

Along with knowing the home remedies for bedsores, it is also necessary to know about the treatment of bedsores. In the next part of the article, know how to treat bedsore medically.

Treatment of bedsores (pressure ulcers) – Treatment for Bed Sores

Medically bedsores can be treated by the following methods:

Debridement – In this process, the damaged tissue is removed from the wound. This can be done with the help of surgery or machine. This process helps in healing the wound quickly. The process of debridement can also be done with the help of high pressure water jets, ultrasound or laser.

Wound Dressing – In this process, dressing is done according to its stage on the wound caused by bedsores. If the wound is infected and fresh, frequent dressing is required. Sometimes dressing is done every three to four hours. At the same time, if the wound is dry and healing, it is advisable not to dress everyday. By doing this, new healthy cells can come out of the skin with a bandage of dressing. According to Bedsore, dressings can also be of many types, such as –

  • Hydrocarbon Dressing – This helps new cells to grow and helps to keep healthy skin around the affected area dry.
  • Alginate Dressing – This dressing is made with Seaweed enriched with sodium and calcium. It helps in healing the wound quickly. In addition, alginate dressings made from honey can serve to root out a pressure ulcer wound.
  • Nano Silver Dressing – This type of dressing has antibacterial properties of silver, which help to clear ulcers.
  • Creams and Ointments – Medical creams and ointments are often used to protect skin tissue from damage and to help heal wounds quickly.

Antibiotic medicines – There is no need to give antibiotics in all types of bedsores. They are given only in cases where a pressure ulcer becomes infected. Antibiotics help prevent infection from spreading. In addition to antibiotic pills, it may also be recommended to apply antiseptic creams to remove bacteria from the wound.

Surgery – In some cases bedsore lesions of stage 3 and stage 4 do not heal. In these cases, the doctor may recommend surgery. In these surgeries, the wound is often closed by interlocking the two ends of the wound. According to Bedsore, doctors may recommend different types of surgery.

Learn how to avoid bedsores in the last part of this article.

Prevention of bedsores – Prevention Tips for Pressure Sores

Keeping the following points in mind to protect against bedsores can benefit-

  • Use a soft sponge or cloth on the skin while bathing. Do not scrub too hard.
  • Use moisturizer on the skin daily.
  • After bathing, thoroughly wipe the area under the breasts and between the stomach and the femur.
  • Do not use talcum powder or dry skin soap.
  • Avoid bathing daily. This can make the skin more dry.
  • Eat a balanced diet and drink plenty of water.
  • Avoid wearing tight clothes.
  • Also, in case of skin lesion, redness or hardening of the skin, contact the doctor.

Those who have been advised to stay in bed can adopt the following measures to prevent bedsore –

  • Avoid rubbing the skin with a sheet while changing sides of the bed. This may increase the risk of bedsore.
  • When changing the position of the patient, instead of moving his body, lift and replace.
  • Change the patient’s position every one to two hours.
  • The sheet lying on the patient’s bed should be flat. Take care that there are no folds on it.
  • Do not raise the patient’s head more than 30 degrees. By lifting more than this, the body starts sliding on the bed.

Now you must have understood well what bedsores are. After reading the article, you will have got all the information ranging from the cause of bedsore to the symptoms of bedsore. Keeping the things mentioned in this article in mind can help in avoiding pressure ulcers. Along with these things, while using home remedies for pressure ulcers, it is also important to keep in mind that these are not cures for bedsores. Doctor treatment is necessary to get complete rest from the bedsore. Hope this article is beneficial for you.

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