Capsicum (Bell Pepper) Benefits And Side Effects
Capsicum (Bell Pepper) Benefits And Side Effects

Red, yellow, purple, orange and green capsicum are seen in the market. Where it is called Shimla Mirch in Hindi, then in English it is called Capsicum and Bell Pepper. There are mainly five species of capsicum known as Capsicum enum, Capsicum chinense, Capsicum frutescens, Capsicum bactum, and Capsicum pubescens. All these species are called peppers in common language (1) . At the same time, if you talk about capsicum in terms of health, then it is beneficial in this case also. Well, what is capsicum has become clear, but the benefits of capsicum are yet to be known. We will discuss this in detail in the article. You will also learn about its use and some of its side effects.

Benefits of Capsicum

Lack of nutrients in human body can cause serious problems. At the same time, many nutrients are found in capsicum, which can help in keeping a variety of health problems away. Come, know how and how useful are the nutrients of capsicum for health.

1. Benefits of capsicum for eyes

Benefits of eating capsicum can be seen for the eyes. It can be consumed to avoid cataracts especially in old age. Capsicum contains elements called lutein and zeaxanthin, which can protect against cataract ( 2 ). Capsicum also contains vitamin A, which can help in maintaining proper light of the eyes ( 3 ).

2. Benefits of capsicum in preventing anemia

Anemia is a condition in which not enough healthy red blood cells (RBCs) are formed in the body. The function of red blood cells is to carry oxygen to all the organs of the body. At the same time, due to lack of iron in the body, these red blood cells cannot be formed and the problem of anemia is born ( 4) . Some amount of iron is found in capsicum, which can prevent anemia . Also, vitamin-C is also found in capsicum ( 5 ). Vitamin-C can help absorb iron in the body ( 6 ). That is why the benefits of eating capsicum can be seen to avoid anemia-like condition.

3. Capsicum is rich in vitamins

Capsicum is rich in many vitamins. It contains vitamins A, B, C and K ( 7 ). Vitamin A helps to keep skin, bones and teeth healthy. Vitamin-C is also known as ascorbic acid. It is good for teeth and also has wound healing ability. Riboflavin ie Vitamin-B2 is also found in capsicum. It helps in the development of the body. Capsicum also contains thiamine i.e. Vitamin B1, which acts to give energy to the body. In addition, the vitamin-K present in capsicum has been reported to be good for bones ( 8 ).

4. Benefits of capsicum in cancer prevention

Capsicin is found in capsicum. It has anticancer properties. According to a study published on the website of NCBI (National Center for Biotechnology Information), the presence of capsaicin may help protect against the risk of various types of cancer ( 9 ). Here we make it clear that cancer is a serious disease. Treatment requires to undergo intensive medical procedure. It cannot be cured only through home remedies.

5. Consuming capsicum is beneficial for a healthy heart

An element called capsaicin can also be beneficial for the heart. According to a research published on the NCBI website, the intake of capsicin-containing capsicum may improve metabolism (metabolic activity). Capsaicin may also reduce the risk of metabolic problems such as obesity and heart disease (10) . More research is still needed to know the benefits of capsicum in preventing heart disease.

6. Benefits of Capsicum for Skin

Capsicum can also be beneficial for the skin. It contains an element called capsaicin, which is used in many creams used for the skin. It can help in tightening the skin. Also can protect against various types of skin related problems ( 10 ). At the moment, further scientific research is needed in this regard.

Now we know the benefits of capsicum. Let us now know what nutrients are found in capsicum.

Capsicum Nutritional Value

Capsicum is rich in various types of nutrients. The following nutrients are found in 100 grams of capsicum ( 5 ):

Energy18 calories
Carbohydrate4. 71 grams
Sugar2. 35 grams
Fiber1. 2 grams
Iron0.42 mg
Protein1.18 grams
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid)77.6 mg
Vitamin a353 IU

Let us now know how to use capsicum.

How to use Capsicum

Capsicum can be used in food. The benefits of eating capsicum are as much as there are ways to eat it.

  • Vegetable can be made with capsicum potato.
  • Capsicum can also be cut and eaten as a salad.
  • Capsicum can be used as stuffing between sandwiches and burgers.
  • It can also be eaten by adding it to pasta.
  • It can also be used in mixed vegetable soups.
  • Finely chopped capsicum can also be added to casserole.

When and how to eat capsicum?

There is no definite time to eat capsicum. It can be eaten at any time. You can eat it for breakfast in the morning, as a snack in the evening or in a salad with food. According to an NCBI study, 1350 mg of capsicum can be consumed in a day (11) .

Let us know further what are the disadvantages of eating capsicum.

Disadvantages of Capsicum

Capsicum is a good diet, but it can be harmful in some circumstances, such as ( 12 ):

  • People suffering from blood disorders should not consume capsicum. This can cause blood flow.
  • Blood pressure patients should not consume capsicum excessively. This may exacerbate this problem.
  • It is advisable to skip the intake two weeks before the surgery, otherwise it can cause more blood flow at the time of surgery.
  • Consumption of capsicum may increase blood sugar, but no concrete evidence is available. Therefore, as a precaution, consume it only in small amounts.
  • Consumption of capsicum can cause allergies for some people, so if someone already has an allergy, then consult a doctor before its use.

Capsicum tastes delicious to eat. Its aroma doubles the taste of food. Overall, capsicum can be considered a delicious and excellent vegetable. Always remember the loss of capsicum and people suffering from serious health problems should take capsicum only on the advice of the doctor. The benefits of capsicum may vary for everyone. It is not an alternative to any medical treatment. If you want to know more about this topic, then you can reach your questions through the comment box below.


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