Be it biryani or kheer, small cardamom seeds work to enhance the taste. At the same time, it is also used for aroma in tea. You will be surprised to know that besides its special aroma and taste, the benefits of cardamom are many. The reason is the medicinal properties of cardamom. Due to its properties, cardamom is also used to relieve many physical problems. However, you have to keep in mind that cardamom benefits can be found to some extent in the problems mentioned in the article, but this is not their treatment. Medical consultation is essential for the treatment of any problem.
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Later in the article, we will learn a lot about the benefits of eating cardamom. Before that let us know the type of cardamom.
Types of Cardamom – Types of Cardamom
There are mainly two types of cardamom, one is green and the other is black, which is also called big cardamom
- Green cardamom – It is also called real cardamom and is the most common variety. It is also called small cardamom. It is exported from India to other countries. Its scientific name is Elettaria cardamomum.
- It is used to enhance the taste of both sweet and salty dishes.
- It is also used in spicy curries and milk-based dishes.
- Black Cardamom – This cardamom originally belongs to Eastern Himalayan region. It is cultivated mostly in Sikkim, eastern Nepal and parts of West Bengal, India. It is brown in color and slightly longer in shape. It is also known as brown and red cardamom with large cardamom. Its scientific name is Amomum subulatum.
- It is used in dishes like biryani.
- It is an important part of garam-spices.
- Its dark brown seeds are also known for its medicinal properties.
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In the next part of the article, we will now explain in detail the benefits of cardamom. Through these benefits, you will know what happens by eating cardamom.
Benefits of cardamom
The health benefits of cardamom are many, about which we will get to know in detail in this part of the article.
1. Improve digestive health
Cardamom’s benefits may prove effective in the event of disorganized digestion. This is confirmed by two separate research related to the medicinal properties of cardamom. One research suggests that the properties of small cardamom include an antiinflammatory (inflammation-reducing) effect, which can serve to relieve digestive disorders. At the same time, large cardamom has anti-ulcerogenic (reducing ulcer-causing risks) properties. This property of large cardamom can relieve gastrointestinal disorder (eg: constipation, gas, diarrhea and abdominal pain) (1) .
In other research related to cardamom, it has been assumed that cardamom has a stomacic (boosting appetite and improving digestion) properties (2) . Based on these facts it can be assumed that the advantages of small cardamom include digestive improvement. At the moment, further research is still needed on this topic.
2. beneficial for heart health
Large cardamom is rich in antioxidant (free radicals removing properties) properties. Its properties can promote heart health. At the same time, it can also benefit the heart by lowering cholesterol levels. It can also be beneficial for patients suffering from ischemic heart disease (a disease caused by decreased blood flow) (3) .
At the same time, a research published on the website of NCBI (National Center for Biotechnology Information) also shows that large cardamom can be more effective than green cardamom, because it has antihypertensive (blood pressure lowering) properties. Causes may work more effectively on metabolic syndrome (a group of certain risk factors that cause many other problems with heart disease) (4) . On the basis of these facts, it can be said that the benefits of large cardamom can prove to be helpful in maintaining heart health.
3. Effective in anxiety
The benefits of small cardamom can also prove to be effective to get relief from anxiety problem. A research published on the NCBI website related to small cardamom found that it can be helpful in reducing anxiety and stress (5) . However, further research has also been asked on how the benefits of cardamom work.
4. Control diabetes
The benefits of small cardamom include diabetes control. This is evidenced by a research conducted by BMC Complimentary Medicine and Therapies. Research has found that green cardamom has antioxidant (free radical destroying effect) effect. This property may help increase insulin activation, which may be helpful in reducing increased blood sugar (6) . On this basis, it can be said that a person suffering from type-2 diabetes can get benefits by eating cardamom.
5. Beneficial for oral health
Cardamom use may also prove beneficial in maintaining oral health. This is clearly mentioned in the Dental Research Journal. The journal states that cardamom seed oil has antiseptic (bacteria-destroying) effect. Due to this effect, cardamom seed oil can help eliminate bacteria that causes bad odor in the mouth. At the same time, it can also provide relief in oral infections (7) . In such a situation, it would not be wrong to say that the benefits of eating small cardamom can also be helpful in maintaining oral health.
6. Control blood pressure
Eating cardamom can also benefit from high blood pressure problems. This research has also been accepted by the Research Department of RNT Medical College, Udaipur. Research has shown that small cardamom can reduce increased blood pressure in both systolic (cardiac contraction) and diastolic (cardiac stop) conditions (8) . On this basis, it can be said that the benefits of small cardamom can be helpful in controlling the increased blood pressure.
7. Helpful in preventing hiccups
The benefits of cardamom powder can also be achieved in the case of hiccups. In fact, according to a research related to small cardamom, along with other health problems, it can also be helpful in preventing hiccups. Explain that small cardamom is called as Ela in Ayurveda (9) . Remember, hiccups are not a disease, but sometimes its continuity can cause confusion in people.
8. Help to increase appetite
The benefits of green cardamom are also helpful in increasing appetite. In the article, we have already told you that cardamom has the ability to improve digestion as well as to increase appetite due to stomacic properties (2) . In such a situation, the cardamom properties can prove useful for those people who often complain of loss of appetite. Explain that along with green cardamom, the benefits of large cardamom can also show effective effect.
9. Avoid infection
A study done on the medicinal properties of cardamom makes it clear that it can also help in preventing skin and body related infections. Research has suggested that cardamom has antimicrobial (microbial destroyer) properties. At the same time, cardamom has this ability to fight against bacteria especially staphylococcus aureus. Explain that this bacteria can cause lung-related infections such as pneumonia and and skin infections. In such a situation, it would not be wrong to say that using cardamom can help in getting relief from some such infections. Explain that in this situation, the benefits of large cardamom along with green cardamom can also prove to be helpful.
10.Assists in reducing the risk of cancer
Due to the medicinal properties of cardamom, it can be used domestically to some extent against cancer. A research conducted by Saudi Arabia’s G Hale University confirms this. In fact, this research on skin cancer mice found that green cardamom has chemo preventive (cancer-resistant) properties (12) . On this basis, it can be said that the benefits of green cardamom can be helpful in reducing the risk of cancer to some extent. Nevertheless, it has to be kept in mind that cancer is a fatal disease and medical treatment is most important for its treatment.
11. Increases memory
The benefits of large cardamom along with green can also prove to be helpful in increasing memory. Indeed, according to a study published on the NCBI website, the medicinal properties of cardamom can prove effective in learning and enhancing memory (13) . For this, it can be used in tea or other food items. A pinch of cardamom is believed to have the potential to produce better results. However, more research needs to be done on how this works.
12. Detox the body
Cardamom can also prove to be very effective for removing the toxic and harmful substances present in the body. According to experts, cardamom has the ability to promote the natural action of removing impurities present in the body with the help of water (14) . Due to this ability, the benefits of green and large cardamom can help keep the body free from toxins.
13. Beneficial for skin
The article previously stated that cardamom can protect against skin infections caused by bacteria Staphylococcus aureus (10) . At the same time, another research related to cardamom finds that cardamom is also used in Ayurveda to make leprosy medicine (9) . On this basis, it can be believed that the benefits of cardamom powder can prove beneficial in curing certain infections related to the skin.
14. Useful for hair
There is some skepticism about the usefulness of cardamom for hair. It is possible that it may or may not help in the development of benefits. Indeed, a research conducted on mice suggests that it can inhibit hair growth (15) . At the same time, a research related to breast cancer has shown that cardamom is beneficial for body, skin and hair (16) . Therefore, more research needs to be done on the benefits of cardamom in relation to hair.
After knowing the benefits of eating cardamom and what happens by eating cardamom, now we will give information related to its nutritional elements.
Cardamom nutritional elements – Cardamom Nutritional Value
Detailed information about the nutritional elements of cardamom can be obtained through the chart below (17) .
|NUTRIENTS||UNIT||QUANTITY PER 100 GRAMS|
|Total Lipid (Fat)||g||6.7|
|Fiber (Total Diet)||g||28|
|Fatty acid (saturated)||g||0.68|
|Fatty acid (monounsaturated)||g||0.87|
|Fatty acid (polysaturated)||g||0.43|
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In the next part of the article, we will now give you information about how to use cardamom.
The use of cardamom can be easily understood through the points given below –
- Cardamom is an important element of garam masala in India. It is used in both vegetarian and non-vegetarian food.
- Cardamom can also be used in tea. The use of cardamom enhances the aroma of this drink.
- Whole green cardamom is used in dishes like casserole and biryani. The aroma of these dishes is increased by the use of cardamom.
- Apart from spicy dishes, cardamom is also used in sweets such as kheer, gulab jamun, gajak and halwa. Ground cardamom is also used in soups and rice dishes.
- Chicken is also marinated with honey, pepper and cardamom.
- You can also use cardamom with honey in citrus fruit salad.
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In the next part of the article we will tell you how to keep cardamom safe for a long time.
How to choose cardamom and keep it safe for a long time?
The following measures can be used to protect cardamom –
- Cardamom can be kept sealed in any air tight compartment including the peel.
- If you want, you can keep the cardamom safe by using a poly bag with zipper.
- If you want, you can make cardamom seeds powder and keep it in air tight bags or cans.
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In the next part of the article, we will now give you information about the disadvantages of eating small cardamom.
Side Effects of Cardamom
There is no doubt that cardamom has many miraculous benefits for health, but its excessive use may also exhibit some cardamom losses. Know below about the disadvantages of eating small cardamom (18) –
- skin irritation
- Tongue swelling
Friends, by now you will have come to know about the benefits of eating cardamom. In such a situation, you can use it for the physical problems mentioned in the article. Keep in mind that if cardamom losses due to its regular intake like: – Symptoms of allergy or constipation appear, then stop it and contact the doctor. At the same time, also keep in mind that the benefits of eating cardamom can bring relief to the problems mentioned, but it is not their treatment. Hopefully this article will help you to a great extent in maintaining better health.