In less than a week, the Indian government has to take a decision on ending the nationwide lockdown. Unfortunately, perhaps the government does not have the complete data to take a complete decision. Whatever decision the government makes, it will have negative consequences, either on the health front or the economic front or both. A completely irrefutable solution is not yet available.
Most of the doctors appearing on TV channels are telling that by April 12-13 we can get better figures, which will know if it is possible to handle the infection? This means that the government will have barely a day to decide. This also means that the easiest decision would be to extend the lockdown by a week or two.
There are, however, two better options – one, large centers of Covid-19 be banned from lockdown and some concessions in low-risk areas. The second option is to be relaxed in lockdown in a phased manner. In a long period, sector-by-sector and region-by-region may be relaxed, perhaps until the end of May or early June. The big risk is that there are trade offs. Risks on health may come under control from week to week, but this will be at the expense of the economy. On the other hand, restarting the economy will increase the risk of a rapid outbreak of the epidemic, as economic activities force people to get out of their homes and meet others, use public transport and gather in public places. Will do.
Rabi crop is going to come this month and there is a hope of a rich crop. If we believe that some of the poorest people in India depend on the agricultural sector for livelihood, then we cannot wait long to take the produce to the mandis. We cannot wait for the lockdown to end and come to the grain market to sell to customers. This means that there is a need to bring agriculture, agro industries and other related enterprises out of the lockdown. Once agriculture is opened up, manufacturing strategy will also have to be devised, as the demand for basic essential consumer goods will have to rise. At one point, sector-by-sector viewing will no longer make sense, as all products have a supply chain, including other industries that do not qualify as required in the official definition. like, Packaging industry. Can we move products without packaging services? Can the truck industry say it has to run without garage service? And how long can we continue life without domestic or personal services, such as electric misteries, plumbers or barbers? Nevertheless, there should be a logical way to decide which sector to pull out of lockdown. There will be some differences between services right now. Some people may work with limited physical proximity and some people require close physical contact. Can you continue life without a plumber or barbers? Nevertheless, there should be a logical way to decide which sector to pull out of lockdown. There will be some differences between services right now. Some people may work with limited physical proximity and some people require close physical contact. Can you continue life without a plumber or barbers? Nevertheless, there should be a logical way to decide which sector to pull out of lockdown. There will be some differences between services right now. Some people may work with limited physical proximity and some people require close physical contact.
Two other aspects are related to technology and corporate capabilities. Work done even remotely can be started easily. Such companies should be allowed to start their work, which can provide safe transport and health protection against infection at their workplaces. Private transport may be approved to run earlier than public transport.
Even when public transport starts, we cannot allow people to travel in buses and trains. That is, we need more public warden and railway police to control the entry of passengers in buses and trains. Therefore, governments should run more buses at short intervals. This step will also serve as an indirect economic stimulus. But before we gradually expand economic activity and movement of people, the first and foremost investment we have to make is on physical security products. We need cloth masks that can be washed or sterilized. In addition, sanitizers are needed. It is probably not a good advice to ask people to wash their hands frequently in water-deficient areas.
In the same chain, it is also appropriate to use the threat of Covid-19 and for some time the funds allocated for infrastructure like road, rail can also be put into medical items. Basic health facilities should be expanded in semi-urban and rural areas. Ayurveda and Unani practice doctors should also be taken along to help fight the epidemic. We should not divert our attention away from the challenge of Covid-19. The reason for this is that even without Covid-19, India has been struggling with great demand for hospitals and health services. When this epidemic-related infection and death in the struggle to reduce the number of other diseases and deaths will either be ignored or will be the victim of weak care. Other diseases are beyond the radar, they are not counted. The poor will pay the highest price for this failure.
India will have to go ahead and invest, so that the investment that has been made in the medical sector for decades can be replenished. Instead of preventing infection by forcing people to stay in homes for eternity, people have to focus on empowering people, so that people also protect themselves. It is not enough to expect that just keeping physical distance will end the disease. It may take up to a year to find an effective vaccine or cure; Neither our health system nor our economy can wait that much. We have to invest more to expand the healthcare capabilities as well as to speed up the economy. It is time to focus on both areas, not on one.

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