One of the most important poems of Hindi famous poet Sumitranandan Pant – Bharatmata Gramwasini. But in the last few years, ‘Bharatmata’ resonance has started being heard in more cities than towns. The new politics of the country has spread this war cry of Bharatmata to cities and towns. Bharatmata, by removing him from the meaning of ‘Gramwasini’, this politics has given the slogan to create a ‘new India’. It is not the mother of the frontier of the villages, but at the same time the meaning of ‘femininity’ is also being transformed from an aggressive masculinity to the meaning of a full India. Due to this new meaning, a strange dilemma has arisen in front of the grammar of our language. While for Bharatmata we have to use the feminine verb term, while for this new India the term masculine verb is used.
On the one hand, this new India can be seen in newly constructed flyovers, six-lane roads and smartphones, on the other hand, it will be seen taking shape on the link road and footpath on the Prime Minister’s Road Scheme. On the one hand this new India is outspoken on social sites, on the other hand it can still be considered silent in most villages. The state of this new India wants to create the image of a strong state instead of soft or soft. Be it Pulwama or the surgical strike by crossing into the Pakistan border, it wants to keep moving towards building a strong state image. This image also emits the voices of an outspoken nationalism, which works through the corridors of politics to change the vote to create control over the state. Although the collision of two images is going on continuously in this new India.
The conflict between the image of Hindutva politics and the image of India made by secular politics. The sounds of these clashes are resonating in this newly formed India. Between these two meanings of India, there is a third meaning – India, defined by Ambedkar, whose image is inscribed in the Indian Constitution, but some of its other images are created by politics based on Ambedkar’s ideas. Both the meaning of India with the image of Hindutva and the meaning of India resting on the politics of secularism seek to encapsulate the meaning of India given by Ambedkar. It is to be seen that in which this India is included in the newly formed India with the images given by Ambedkar or it gets divided in some way.
In this new India, the process of urbanization has been greatly accelerated. Gradually, a part of towns and villages is becoming urbanized. As a result, the number of population called rural has decreased here. In 1901, where the urban population was 11.4 percent, it has increased to 34 percent by 2017. In this new India, the rural population had reduced to around 65.37. The future of the new India seems to be moving towards a transition from rural to urban. Today, when the market is continuously expanding, it is spreading directly and indirectly in the villages as well. This market, despite its many limitations, continues to reduce the gap between city and village. It remains to be seen what happens to the human elements of Indian traditions, rural values of life and rural economy in this urban India. Although many places still value rural life in Indian cities, Traditional styles are found. It is to be seen that this new India remains entangled in the duality of tradition and modernity, that it is able to eliminate and soothe this duality and contradiction.
It is okay that momos, chowmin and pizza carts have started appearing in the towns of India and on the roadside villages, but the sale of baati-chokha has not reduced. It is also right that many mobile shops are seen in the towns adjoining the villages, Chinese lamps, kites and manj are also being sold in the villages, but the native lanterns in the refined form have not been reduced to the village chaupals. Many programs like Startup, Development of New Entrepreneurship, ‘One District One Product’ are moving towards meeting the indigenous needs of our new India. This new India is moving ahead towards the manufacture of defense equipment, in this the purchase and sale of arrow and bow in the tribal haats has also not reduced. Many resources of rural needs which later came to be used for the protection of rural, tribal people, are also sold and sold during the time of defense expo. Big malls,
It is another matter that soaps, shampoos, soft drinks and snacks have been transformed into small pouches in these haat-bazaars, changing their appearance according to the purchasing power of the rural people. This India is still an India of many contradictions, but in the new India which is constantly being conceptualized, perhaps these contradictions are gradually eradicated. This changing India is gradually discovering for itself the ‘Nav Gati, Nav Rhythm, Rhythm verses Nav’. The liberal economy of the 90s, the voice of fierce nationalism, a strong state in place of soft, the clash of many contradictions, the inter-conflict of political ideas, aggressive markets, rapid urbanization and innovation, the discovery of newness, all shape the shape of this new India. Have been. Right now we are going through a type of transformation. See what is made of this conversion and what worsens?