The result of the Prime Minister’s online meeting with several chief ministers of the country on Monday was not unexpected. If the news is to be believed, the two things that were agreed upon are the first, reviving the economy and second, another extension of the lockdown. Government announcements will inform about how the country’s economic health will be managed amidst complete detention, but the difficulty of governments is that lockdown is the only effective option for them to stop the infection of corona virus, while this measure will help the economy. It is becoming increasingly relaxing day by day. Clearly, preventing the Corona infection and simultaneously accelerating the economy is a dual challenge for states. Along with this, questions are also being asked that why the physical distancing, that is, physical distance was considered effective against corona-infection, could not be effective to that extent in our country?
On March 24, when Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced a three-week lockdown, he urged people to keep physical distance. Later too many times he said that if we want to stop the infection of corona virus, then we have to break the link of mutual contact. Unfortunately, not every part of the country could take this cautious behavior into itself. Especially in the highly congested cities and slum areas that have thrived due to unplanned development have been bad. This is the reason why the number of Kovid-19 patients is increasing continuously in the slum dominated areas today. After all, why the physical distance could not be followed in these areas? Actually, the upper and middle class of the country lives in pucca houses and where it resides, it is relatively easy to follow physical distancing, Whereas most of the country’s population (ie poor population) lives in small houses in urbanized villages or slums of cities. This is the reason why the declaration of physical distance did not prove effective. 
According to the 2011 census, there are 2,613 slums in the country, where 1.2 crore families live, that is, 65 million people live in these areas. Delhi has 15 per cent of slums, 30 per cent in Kolkata, 29 per cent in Chennai and nine per cent in Bengaluru. As the cases of corona infection are continuously increasing in Dharavi, Maharashtra, the biggest concern of the central and state governments is to protect the slums from Kovid-19 infection. This concern of governments is not unreasonable. If their fear becomes reality, there will be tremendous pressure on our health system. But the question is how to save these settlements? According to the data, about 44.84 per cent of the slum households (61.6 lakh families) have only one-room shelters, of which 20 per cent households have five people living together, while 15 per cent households with one room have six to eight. Belongs to the members. Again, The houses here are very much clutched together. Barely winds pass from there. As a result, people here spend most of their time in narrow streets outside the room. If seen, due to the dense population, today many settlements in Maharashtra and Noida are included in the Kovid hotspot. 
Another problem of these settlements has to be found. In fact, the 2011 census states that about 18 per cent of the households (2.59 million households) are forced to defecate in the open, and 15 per cent (20.7 lakh) households use public toilets. Therefore, when these settlements were sealed due to being hotspots, there were also reports that people used neighbors’ toilets. In this situation, how was physical distancing possible in these settlements? Would it be wrong to say that the text of physical distance was taught to the people without knowing the truth of the slums, due to which this remedy could not be completely successful?
Now that the third extension of lockdown is more likely, some additional efforts from governments need to be made. If possible, arrangements should be made to keep half of the slum families in the nearest school or college. It will also be relatively easy to make them aware of cleanliness here. Then, their ration-water arrangements should also be made. There is no shortage of food grains in government reserves. The government is of course making arrangements to reach the needy, but there are reports of dislocation from many places due to distribution system malfunctions. Every possible relief can be provided to these people by paying special attention to the public distribution system.
Paying special attention to dense settlements, governments should also make arrangements to deliver homes to workers and workers who are stranded in cities. A mechanism to provide essential goods from house to house will also have to be made. This is especially important in hotspot areas, so that people do not leave their homes. The offices which have got permission to work, should be worked keeping adequate physical distance between the employees. People also have to understand that if they are given some relief in a possible lockdown-3, then physical distancing should not be ignored at all. 
The battle against Kovid-19 cannot be won without these measures. Governments must ensure that if widespread physical distancing is being followed, ration-water should reach those who find it difficult to meet basic needs themselves. It has to be ensured that no one suffers from poor hunger or mental stress. The government will have to revise its policy on social distancing in dense settlements. Only then will we be able to fight a meaningful war against the corona virus.


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