The Kalapani dispute has not cooled down yet that Nepal Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli has raised the old issue related to Gorkha soldiers. The eyes are on Britain, but the target is India. On 12 February 2020, the Nepalese Foreign Ministry sent a proposal to London, stating that Britain should revise the 1947 tripartite agreement under which the salaries, allowances, pensions, etc. of Gorkha soldiers were determined. The Nepalese Foreign Ministry has set a deadline of 15 March 2020 in a letter to Britain. The letter urges Britain to form a common team to negotiate the ‘unequal Gorkha agreement’.
The dagger that Prime Minister Oli has waged right now in the name of Gorkha soldiers is not automatic. Since the time of the monarchy, it has been an old agenda of Nepali Maoists to continue the diplomacy of pressure on India by making the issue of Gorkha soldiers disputed. In 2008, Pushp Kamal Dahal ‘Prachanda’ submitted a 58-page report to the Nepali Parliament, which was presented by making the issue of ‘human rights of Gorkha soldiers’. On May 17, 2018, after the merger of Nepali Maoists and the NCP (Amale), the subject was included in the top agenda by Oli. The strategists of the newly fledged Nepal Communist Party want to uproot this buried corpse.
Actually, at this time one lakh 27 thousand pensioners of Gorkha Regiment are said to be in Nepal. Of these, 45 thousand Gorkha soldiers have served in the Indian Army. The Gorkha soldiers have a glorious history from the time of the Mughals, when they were called ‘Mughalayan’ in the local language. From 1 November 1814 to 4 March 1816, the British East India Company had known the strength of the Gurkha soldiers in the Anglo-Nepal War. At the time, the Maloun Regiment was formed in 1815, known as the First Gorkha Regiment or King George V Regiment, by the efforts of Sir David Octarloni.
Before 1947 there were ten regiments of Gorkha soldiers in British India. At the time of independence, India, Nepal and Britain reached an agreement on the Gorkha Regiment, after which four regiments became part of the British Army, while the remaining six – First King George, Third Queen Alexandria, Fourth Prince Wales, Fifth Royal Gorkha Rifles and The Eighth and Ninth Gorkha Regiments became part of the Indian Army. Nepal’s objection is that according to the documents prepared in 1947, Gorkha soldiers are not getting the same facilities, conditions, salary and allowances. Ever since Oli has taken over the second shift of government in Nepal, he has been busy in negotiating all the compromises that are uneven in the eyes of his party.
On June 13, 2019, when the Nepalese Prime Minister went to Britain, there he was shot in the Gurkha controversy. Ollie and her foreign minister, from the then British Prime Minister Theresa May, spoke on this so-called unequal Gurkha agreement and requested them to make it part of a shared statement. It did not happen at that time. Returning from Britain, at the Tribhuvan International Airport, he expressed sadness that the UK did not deliberately make it part of a shared statement, but we are not going to sit silent on discrimination with Gorkha soldiers. According to Nepal, soldiers of Indian origin in the Second, Sixth, Seventh and Tenth British-Gorkha Regiments, their salaries, allowances, pension and other facilities are superior to Gurkhali soldiers of Nepali origin.
It is to be kept in mind that in 2007 the deal was revisited by Britain. At that time it was decided that the Gorkha soldiers who joined the British Army after 1993 and who retired in 2007, will be entitled to equal pay, pension and other facilities. In this, the Gorkha soldiers were denied all these facilities, whose appointments took place between 1975 and 1993, and who had retired before 2007.
The question is that Britain does not come under the pressure of Nepal, what will happen then? Will that tripartite agreement in 1947 be canceled? Significantly, India is also a party to this trilateral agreement. Who might be interested in the Gurkha soldiers who are in the British Army? The script of this entire game is being written by China, which can be doubted by its old exploits. How China continued to advance its ideology through retired Gurkha soldiers at Rolpa, Dolpa, Rukum in far-western Nepal is long overdue.
A major incident took place after the ceasefire on November 21, 1962. China reported on 21 February 1963 that 3,940 Indian soldiers were in its custody. All the prisoners of war were released by June that year. The Gurkha soldiers among them were lured by China to make them their agents. During those seven months, China negotiated with Nepal that Gorkha soldiers are of Nepali origin, so we can hand them directly to Nepal. Nepal denied this. The episode was revealed later in a paper by British Brigadier Sir John Smith, in which he suspected that China wanted to use its strategic expansion in Nepal and China strategically by brainwashing the Gorkha regiment’s prisoners of war. is. Is China retelling any old Chakravyuh through Gorkha soldiers? The Government of India must take its reconnaissance.