The world and India have faced many epidemics in the history so far. From plague, cholera, smallpox and Spanish flu to Covid-19, these epidemics have come every few decades and have caused a large population to suffer. If you look at the history of these epidemics and study the route of their spread, it is clear that most of these epidemics spread from one region to another in the world through soldiers, entrepreneurs, traders, migrants and tourists. The Indian plague epidemic, which spread horribly in British Bengal around 1817, reached from one area of Bengal to another through troops of the British Army. Then she reached England through British merchants and soldiers. It was named the ‘Indian Plague’, the local Indian public was just a passive passive in its first phase. Gradually she was transformed into a conductor. i.e,
One interpretation of the term ‘quarantine’ that is being used very much today is that in the days of the epidemics, sailors used to retreat for 40 days before leaving to open a ship to save themselves and sail. It also shows that epidemics and dynamic communities, such as sailors, merchants, soldiers, missionaries, expatriates and tourists, are closely related. These dynamic communities bring with them money, culture and disease, all three, giving new ground and new expansion to these three. Research on the history of epidemics suggests that the ‘Antonine Plague’ of the second century BCE also spread to Rome through soldiers returning from battle with West Asia. Another extremely terrible epidemic, named ‘Justinian Plague’
Granted, she arrived in Constantinople in the year 541 via Africa and Egypt, starting from China. The terrible plague of the 14th century, called the Black Death, was also spread in Europe in 1340 in countries of the ‘Far East’ through ships and the people and merchant migrants working on them. In those days the ship, the luggage carried on it, the passengers and the staff working on the ship were kept in ‘quarantine’ for 40 days. Historians also believe that a disease like syphilis arrived in Europe in the 15th century through the explorers of the Spanish world.
When the battle for the discovery of colonies and the establishment of empires began in the world, when trade activities intensified with the spread of colonialism, when the process of emigration and displacement accelerated due to colonialism, a wave of epidemics spread throughout the world. As colonialism spread in India and the countries of Asia, the 18th-century plague with Irish immigrants spread throughout the world.
That is, with war, trade, migration and the campaigns of exploring the world by western countries, the whole humanity was hit by epidemics. Epidemics travel and reach and spread through travel. But sometimes we start to blame it on the local people. The ‘Indian Plague’ of 1817 was spread through soldiers and Irish people engaged in colonial activities, but the local Indian public was blamed for it. Many times in the Europe and American plots, the local Jewish communities have been punished as responsible for the spread of epidemics.
The poor and the general public are not the bearers of the outbreak of epidemics, they are often rich, moving people, thriving and wanting to move forward. Wherever they go, the local communities and the general public, especially the poor, are the ‘passive recipients’ of the epidemics, which are gradually transformed into carriers. Even among the migrants who are poor and laboring people, who are usually considered by the local dominant community and the middle class as a ‘group full of filth’, often by collecting the epidemics brought by tourists, businessmen, jobbers and elite communities to spread them. Means are made. Since these groups look different from the middle class and able social groups because of slums, poor settlements, living on the streets and living on their own, they often get Convicted of an epidemic. We have a fresh example as to the spread of corona virus or covid-19. In India, it has come here through rich groups, business class, foreign workers, migrants, frequent flyers, singers, etc. Then the taxi driver is reaching out to groups such as laborers, shopkeepers and the middle class.
The history of the outbreak of epidemics tells us that those who have the power to migrate, who are in a position to go abroad and roam are the first carriers of an epidemic. While migration adds dollars to our GDP, it also adds epidemics. But in the end this bothers them, who never enjoyed the happiness of the dollar, but they definitely became victims of epidemics.