Meningitis Causes Symptoms And Treatment
Meningitis Causes Symptoms And Treatment

The risk of infection may increase due to changing weather and bacterial-virus. During this period, apart from cold, cough and flu, there is an increased risk of many such infections which cause serious physical problems, including meningitis. Now the question arises what is meningitis and how it can affect human being. We are giving all this information in this article of Stylecrase. Here we are trying to give the necessary information about the type of meningitis, its cause and the medical treatment related to it.

Let us know in the first part of this article what is meningitis.

What is meningitis – What is Meningitis

In order to protect the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord), they have three layers of tissue, called meninges (  ). When meninges become inflamed due to certain reasons, it is called meningitis. This inflammation in meninges can be caused by certain types of bacterial or viral infections (  ). In addition to infection due to meningitis, there may be others, which we will tell you later in the article.

After knowing what is meningitis, in the next part of the article, know what are the types of meningitis.

Types of meningitis

There are six types of meningitis, which are described below ( 2 ):

  • Bacterial meningitis : This type of meningitis can cause infection of meninges caused by bacteria. This infection can be fatal.
  • Viral meningitis : In this type of meninges, infection can be caused by virus. This infection is not as dangerous as bacterial meningitis. At the same time, people with strong immunity can avoid this problem.
  • Fungal meningitis : It is caused by an infection caused by fungus. This type is not common, but many times fungus can enter the body through breathing, which can cause this infection. Also, people suffering from diabetes, HIV and cancer can get this meningitis.
  • Parasitic meningitis : An infection in this type of meningitis is caused by the parasite, which affects the brain and nervous system. This type is not as common as bacterial meningitis and viral meningitis.
  • Amebic meningitis : It is caused by a type of amoeba named Naegleria Fowleri. This is a rare type of infection that is not easily found in people. In medical parlance it is called Primary Amebic Meningoencephalitis.
  • Non – infectious meningitis : This type of meningitis is not caused by any infection. Due to this, there may be others, such as head injury, cancer, brain surgery, certain types of medicines or drugs etc.

Learn about the cause of meningitis in the next part of the article.

Causes of Meningitis – Causes of Meningitis

The causes of meningitis depend on its type. Some of the causes of meningitis can be as follows ( 3 ):

  • Certain types of bacteria such as Neisseria Meningitidis or Streptococcus Pneumoniae
  • Viruses that spread viral infections.
  • Parasites such as Angiostrongylus cantonensis, Baylisascaris Procyonis ( 4 )
  • Fungus such as Cryptococcus, Histoplasma, Blastomyces, Coccidioides and Candida ( 5 )
  • Amoeba such as Naegleria Fowleri ( 6 )
  • Cancer, head injury, some types of medicines or drugs ( 3 )
  • Lupus – a type of autoimmune disease that can affect any part of the body like skin, joints and internal organs etc. ( 7 )

After explaining the causes of meningitis, let us tell you what the symptoms of meningitis may be.

Symptoms of meningitis

Symptoms of meningitis can be divided into two parts, some of which can be as follows ( 3 ):

Early symptoms:

  • fever
  • Headache
  • Vomiting and defecation
  • Joint, muscle aches and stiffness
  • Cold hands and feet
  • Shiver
  • Pale skin
  • Lips turn blue

Later symptoms:

  • Feeling lethargic
  • Confusion (confusion)
  • Seizures ( 8 )
  • Increased breathing speed
  • Inability to tolerate strong light
  • Neck discomfort

After knowing the symptoms of meningitis, it is also important to know which risk factors can cause meningitis.

Risk factors of meningitis – risk factors of meningitis

The risk factors for meningitis depend on the type of meningitis. These can be as follows:

1. Bacterial meningitis ( 9 )

  • It can happen to anyone of any age, but children are at greater risk of this type of meningitis.
  • People living in a large group at some place are more prone to spread of bacterial infection, such as college.
  • Some medical conditions that doctors can better describe.
  • Scientists who work or research on bacteria that spread meningitis.
  • Going to a hot or crowded place.

2. Viral Meningitis

Its risk factors are as follows ( 10 ):

  • Children under five
  • People with poor immunity
  • Medical treatment such as chemotherapy
  • Body or bone marrow transplant

3. Fungal Meningitis

  • Weak Immunity
  • Cancer
  • HIV infected
  • Certain medical conditions and medicines, such as steroids or body transplant medicines
  • Premature Birth (Premature Birth) ( 11 )

4. Parasitic Meningitis

  • a. Parasites called Cantonensis can infect people living in many countries of the world, including Southeast Asia ( 12 ).

5. Amebic Meningitis

It can often enter the body via the nose through a bath or mouth wash in water infected with Negaleria Fowler ( 13 ).

In the next part of the article, know how to treat meningitis medically.

Treatment of meningitis

Like meningitis symptoms and risk factors, treatment of meningitis depends on its type. Depending on the type of meningitis, it can be treated as follows:

  1. Bacterial meningitis : Antibiotics such as cephalosporins may be given to treat bacterial meningitis. Cephalosporins can be given alone or with ampicillin ( 3 ).
  2. Viral meningitis : No treatment is required initially for this type of treatment of meningitis. It resolves on its own in 7 to 10 days. At the same time, if symptoms begin to worsen, antiviral drugs may need to be given ( 10 ).
  3. Fungal meningitis : Fungal meningitis can be treated with the help of antifungal medicines such as Amphotericin B and Flucytosine ( 3 ).
  4. Parasitic meningitis : There is no specific treatment available, but medicines can be given to reduce its symptoms. Additionally, medicines may also be given to reduce the body’s response against the parasite ( 12 ).
  5. Amebic meningitis : For the treatment of amoebic meningitis, some medicines, such as Miltefosine, may be advised. In addition, it may be advisable to take some more antibiotics and antifungal medicines ( 14 ).
  6. Non – infectious meningitis : Non-infectious meningitis can be treated with the help of cortisone drugs (medicines used for specific allergies). In some cases it is cured on its own and then no medicine is needed to treat it ( 3 ).

Note : Do not take any medicines prescribed for the treatment of meningitis without doctor’s advice.

After knowing how to treat meningitis, know about the steps to avoid meningitis in the last part of the article.

Prevention of meningitis – Prevention Tips for Meningitis

Meningitis can be avoided with the help of the methods described below.

1. bacterial meningitis

  • With the help of the vaccine.
  • Do not smoke
  • Stay away from infected people.
  • Get enough rest ( 9 ).

2. Viral Meningitis

  • Wash hands thoroughly with soap for at least 20 seconds after using the bathroom or after changing children’s diapers.
  • Stay away from infected people.
  • Keep cleanliness around you.
  • Rest at home when sick, do not go out ( 10 ).

3. Fungal Meningitis

  • Stay away from things that can cause fungal infections, such as sparrows or bats feces.
  • Do not dig soil
  • Stay away from dust ( 11 ).

4. Parasitic Meningitis

There is no research available on how to avoid parasitic meningitis, but it can be avoided by keeping the surroundings clean and away from dust and mud ( 12 ).

5. Amebic Meningitis

  • Stay away from infected water.
  • Do not allow water through the nose into the body ( 13 ).

Hopefully you now have a better understanding of what meningitis is. In this article, we have tried to give you all the necessary information related to the symptoms of meningitis and how to avoid it. Keep in mind that this is a type of infection that can spread due to bacteria, viruses and other bacteria. There is not much research available on the remedies prescribed for the treatment of meningitis, so we would recommend that you keep cleanliness around you so that you do not come in contact with these bacteria. Also, consult a doctor to get it treated accurately. If you still have any question related to meningitis, then you can ask us by writing in the comment box.

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