Delhi’s lawyer Anil Nauria is one of the most knowledgeable scholars of Indian history and politics today. He is also involved in research and writing in addition to advocacy. Whenever his articles have been printed, I have read them with great fervor and there have been occasions when I have read his articles back and forth. He has written on personalities like Gandhi, Bhagat Singh and Savarkar, the war of independence with great depth and authority. However, at the turn of the day, his two articles probably seem more present. These articles were printed a few years ago on the politics of Jammu and Kashmir. The first article was published in Delhi’s weekly Mainstream in August 2002, which recorded the killings of activists and leaders of the National Conference by terrorists. When panic started in the Kashmir Valley in the year 1989, the jihadists who advocated independence of Kashmir or merger with Pakistan started attacks on those Kashmiris,
In the 1990s, when terror was at its peak, cross-border, militant-backed terrorists used to treat Kashmiris as enemies with the Indian Union. Especially the National Conference (NC) leaders were the target. This party was a strongly secular party from the time of Sheikh Abdullah and was against the religious state of Pakistan. In her article published in Mainstream, Nauria cited several members of the National Conference who were killed by terrorists between 1990 and 2002. Many times a conspiracy was also hatched to kill NC leader Farooq Abdullah.
The killing of National Conference leaders and activists was ignored by the global media. More sadly, the Indian media did the same. This article of Nauriya is a respected exception. In his painstaking research, he has given details of more than fifty such murders – names of the slain, date, place of killing.
Anil Nauria has thus explained that the Central Government may have committed mistakes in Kashmir in the last 50 years, but Kashmiri Muslims have had an important vision and are willing to find a peaceful solution from dialogue under the framework of the Indian Constitution. . On the other hand, the terrorists are desperate to ensure that those with such beliefs are eliminated and those who are supportive of them are sufficiently intimidated.
Nauria has written in her article, National Conference is one of the old political parties of India and this political structure is in the forefront of the possibility of its elimination in Jammu and Kashmir these days. Common Indians are largely unaware of the seriousness of such a massacre. In fact, the Indian national outlook has thwarted this great party. Very few political scientists in the country have worried about it. Very few historians have cared to write its history. When the terrorists started killing NC activists, it was either not reported or dealt with so briefly that the horrors of the party’s destruction did not reach the readers of the country in its entirety.
Anil Nauria wrote an article in the Tribune in 2005. This time his article focused on the killing of Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) activists and leaders. Three years before this, the PDP came to power in Jammu and Kashmir and was in government in alliance with Congress. The attachment of the PDP with the Indian Constitution invited hostility towards the terrorists. Nauria has recorded details of 30 key members of PDP killed after 2002. It is worth noting that even when NC was not in power, its activists were being killed by terrorists. In her article published in 2005, Nauria has pointed out, ironically, after the rise of the Hindutva movement in 1989, minorities living largely in the rest of India, and especially in Modi-ruled Gujarat, were labeled as anti-national. On the other hand,
When the current power of India has put the top leaders of the National Conference and the People’s Democratic Party in jail indefinitely, it is useful to revisit Nauria’s article. When Article 370 was abolished on 5 August last year, the government sitting in New Delhi targeted those who had clashed with wolves in the valley in the interest of India and India. It was tragic, because despite all its shortcomings, dynasty, corruption, the NC and PDP have represented the part of the Kashmiri Muslim psyche that wished for a respectable position under the Constitution of India. Needless to say, the pro-India class has never been in majority in the Kashmiri people, but it has never been ineffective.
The 1990s in the valley were bloody, but after the 2002 elections there was a decrease in bloodshed, tourism increased. It was a window of hope that inspired the then Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee to raise his hand for friendship. His successor as Prime Minister Manmohan Singh also recognized the need to make the ‘Idea of India’ more attractive to the common Kashmiris. He recognized that the government would have to strengthen its constitutional pluralism and capitalize on its economic growth.
If the Kashmiris could be treated with respect, if their culture and faith could be protected, and if the Kashmiri youth, especially the Kashmiri youth, hoped for the professional advancement of the national economy, they might have a fondness for India rather than Pakistan. Will increase more. But this time we have disappointed the same parties and people who were standing with us in the valley.