Polio (Poliomyelitis) Causes Symptoms and Treatment
Polio (Poliomyelitis) Causes Symptoms and Treatment

Polio is a serious disease that many countries still suffer from. According to the World Health Organization, 99 percent of polio has been reduced, but many poor countries are still affected by it. Talking about India, UNICEF declared India as a polio-free country only in 2011. Nevertheless, to keep the country polio-free, polio vaccines are placed at a fixed time every year. It is a serious disease, so it is important to be fully informed about it. This is the reason that in this article of Stylecrase we are going to give important information related to polio. Here you will find information related to polio, types of polis and ways to avoid polio. Also, polio vaccine and how to treat polio can also be highlighted.

Before knowing all this information, know in detail what is polio.

What is Polio – Polio (Poliomyelitis)

Polio or poliomyelitis is a disease that can cause paralysis by damaging the nervous system. Polio virus can penetrate from one infected person’s body to another person’s body and infect the spinal cord, causing paralysis (immobility associated with the whole body or certain body parts). The polio vaccine has reduced its risk after being well implemented worldwide, but it is still a deadly disease. For this reason, it is very important to be careful about the treatment and prevention of polio.

After knowing what is polio, know further types of polio. 

Types of polio

Talking about the type of polio, it can be of two types:

  1. Paralytic polio : In this, the polio virus is transmitted through certain nerve fibers and motor neurons (cells) in the brain (brain stem and motor cortex) along the spinal cord, which control essential muscle activities, Such as speaking, walking, breathing and swallowing. This damage causes paralytic poliomyelitis. The type of paralytic polio can be divided into three parts based on the damage caused to the neurones:
  • Spinal polio : This type of polio virus affects the motor neurons present in the spinal cord. This virus can weaken the muscles of the affected area and paralyze them.
  • Bulbar polio : In this type, the polio virus affects the bulbar part of the brain (connecting the brainstem and cerebellum). The virus damages the nerves of the bulbar region, which can make it difficult to breathe, speak and swallow.
  • Bulbospinal polio : The patient suffers from bulbospinal polio in about 19 percent of paralytic polio cases. In this type, both the spinal cord and the bulbar are affected by polio virus. During this time the person has trouble breathing without a ventilator. With this, his hands and feet may be paralyzed and heart function may be affected.
  1. Pathofijioloji (Pathophysiology): enters this type of polio in the body by the poliovirus mouth. It first infects cells of the pharynx (Pharynx – a part of the throat) and intestinal mucosa (Intestinal Mucosa) as soon as it enters the body. This virus can further affect the central nervous system and cause inflammation in the body.

After explaining the types of polio, let us tell you what may be the causes of polio.

Causes of Polio – Causes of Polio (Poliomyelitis)

Polio virus is the main cause of polio. There can be many reasons for its spread, which can be included in the cause of polio, such as:

  • Direct contact with infected person
  • Contact with infected mucus from nose and mouth
  • Contact with infected feces

In the next part of the article, we will tell you what are the symptoms of polio.

Symptoms of Polio – Symptoms of Polio (Poliomyelitis)

People with polio usually do not have any symptoms, but in some cases the symptoms of polio look like the flu. These symptoms last for some two to five days and then disappear, such as:

  • Sore throat
  • fever
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Headache
  • stomach pain

Apart from these, in some cases the symptoms of polio become severe and affect the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord). In these cases the person undergoes some serious symptoms, such as:

  • Parasthesia – Feeling of needling in the feet
  • Symptoms of meningitis – brain and spinal cord infection
  • Paralysis (paralysis)

Like every physical problem, polio also has certain risk factors, which can increase the risk of it. They are described in the next part of the article.

Polio risk factors – risk factors of polio

In addition to the cause of polio, there are some risk factors that can cause this disease, such as :

  • Polio vaccination
  • Go to polio infected place
  • Children and babies living in unclean environments

Keep reading this article to know about the information related to the treatment of polio. 

Treatment of Polio – Treatment of Polio (Poliomyelitis)

At the beginning of this part, let us tell you that no medical treatment can cure polio. The treatment described below can only help in reducing the symptoms of polio:

  • Antibiotics : Urinary Tract Infeksh not the symptoms (infection of the urinary tract) to reduce.
  • Heating Pad : To reduce muscle aches and cramps.
  • Pain relief medications : headache, to reduce muscle pain and spasms.
  • Physical therapy : to improve muscle strength and functioning. During this time, orthopedic surgery can also be done in some severe cases.

After explaining the treatment of polio, in the next part of the article we are going to tell you about the solution to avoid polio.

Measures to avoid polio – Prevention Tips for Polio in Hindi

Adopting measures to avoid polio like any other disease is better than getting polio treated.

These preventive measures are polio vaccine, which is explained below:

  • Oral Polio Vaccine : This vaccine is given by mouth to protect against polio . It also has some negative effects. Actually, the presence of live virus in the vaccine can cause the person taking it to infect another. In rare cases, this oral vaccine can also cause polio by becoming the ‘Vaccine Derived Polio Virus’. This is the reason why the US has banned this vaccine, yet it is being adopted in many countries.
  • Inactivated poliovirus vaccine : This vaccine is given by injection into the arm or leg of the person. This polio vaccine protects a person from all three types of polio. It does not contain live viruses, so this polio vaccine does not cause infection in others.

In the case of polio, it is quite right that there is better protection than cure. Due to non-availability of polio treatment, it is necessary to get polio vaccine at the right time to prevent it. Polio may have been completely eradicated in India, but to keep it polio-free, one must get polio vaccine. We hope this article has been helpful to you. If due to polio, symptoms or any questions related to it are still in your mind, then please write to us by writing in the comment box below.

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