India is currently going through a very serious period of crisis. The corona virus has taken the form of a dreaded epidemic, endangering a large number of people and putting the lockdown in place across the country. This epidemic has engulfed almost the whole world and till now there is no panacea treatment. This is a time of great challenge, agony and anxiety. This crisis has affected the entire humanity. However, any challenge definitely presents an opportunity. It may be possible to deal with this crisis only by taking fresh determination and finding innovative ways. 
Today is the birth anniversary of the great Indian Baba Bhimrao Ambedkar, who was our constitution maker as well as a social reformer. He shaped the constitution of our country into a social document, in which rights and obligations as well as empowerment and inclusion are equally important values. These values ​​must be kept in mind for the sustainable progress of independent India.
It is the unique tradition of India that whenever a challenge is faced, the inherent power of the Indians increases rapidly. We all remember that when the food crisis deepened in the sixties, the then Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri appealed to the countrymen to give up one meal each day and the country supported them. The people of India have always stood the test of time, provided that the leadership of the country is inspiring.  
Prime Minister Narendra Modi is the popular Prime Minister. He has been appealing to the people of India from time to time and every time the country has given him full support. When he appealed to the poor women to voluntarily give up their LPG subsidy to the poor women under the Ujjwala scheme, crores of people supported them. When he started the ‘Swachh Bharat Program’, he appealed to the people to participate voluntarily. It is a wonder of his appeal that in the last five and a half years, this work took the form of a mass people’s movement. Many gram panchayats are now free from open defecation. The people of India voluntarily accepted Swachh Bharat as a national mission, as they felt it was their duty to do so.  
During the Corona epidemic, the Prime Minister appealed to the countrymen for a ‘public curfew’. Not only this, the Prime Minister appealed to the people of the country to clap their hands to raise the morale of all doctors and health workers, people supported them. For the first time, the Prime Minister took the unprecedented step of a 21-day lockdown across the country and the people of India wholeheartedly believed that being confined to their homes, maintaining social distance was part of their duty. On a call from the Prime Minister, the public lit a lamp to lighten the way to show solidarity and enthusiasm.    
Rights and duties are integral to our constitutional system. It is another matter that fundamental duties were incorporated into the Constitution much later. The idea of ​​duty as well as liability has been the basic feature of our Constitution. For example, under Article 19 there is a fundamental right to freedom of expression, peacefully assembled, movement, residence, etc., but Article 19 (2) also provides for duty, which should be followed in such a manner, So that India’s unity and integrity, security of the country, public order, morality etc. are not adversely affected. If it is not used as expected, So rational restrictions can be imposed. Article 17 abolishes untouchability in any form and is prohibited from doing so. This makes it clear that it is the duty of every Indian not to do so. Under Article 39 of the Constitution, states have been given the responsibility to formulate a policy under which the best distribution of material resources is done in such a way that it is good for all. 
Article 51A, to which it was later added, contains a special chapter on fundamental duties. Its many important things include respecting the national flag and the national anthem, maintaining India’s sovereignty, unity and integrity and protecting and improving the natural environment, etc. In my view, an important duty is 55 A (J), which states that ‘every citizen should strive for excellence in all areas of individual and collective activities, so that the nation is at a high level of excellence and achievement on a sustainable basis’ To reach. 
How can we fulfill these duties? If the country succeeds by our collective will and duty during this great challenge in the fight against the corona virus, we will fulfill our collective obligation to help lift our nation to new heights. It is heartening that many efforts of Prime Minister Narendra Modi and some state governments are being appreciated globally. 
Today every Indian should not only ask themselves what the country can give you, but also think what you can give to the country? In a judgment in the year 2012, the Supreme Court had clearly stated in a case related to the Ramlila Maidan incident that on the one hand, there should be balance and equality between rights and restrictions and on the other hand, between rights and duties. If the right of the citizen would be unduly or over-emphasized without considering the special importance of duty, it would create a state of imbalance. The true source of authority is duty. Sure, every Indian will remember it during these challenging circumstances. Surely we will emerge victorious.  


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