The lockdown has pushed some things back. Wheat procurement in North India should have been in full swing at this time. However, the weather is kinder this time. The heat has not intensified, so there is some relief. Punjab has extended the date of purchase to 15 April and Haryana to 20 April. There is no news from Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat, where the harvest comes early, and government procurement started in March itself. The procurement was to start in Uttar Pradesh also from April 1, but there is no news of the work going on there even amid the lockdown. The peasants who work in the family are able to harvest the crop, but the laborers who had faith, have become difficult for them. 
Those who monitor the rural economy say that some member of many families of the villages was in the city and used to send money from time to time. Now the stampede, people have either escaped from the cities and reached the village or are stuck somewhere along the way. Now they are returning to the village on their own. Chaudhary Pushpendra Singh, president of the Bharatiya Kisan Shakti Sangh, says that the worst is presently of milk traders. Animal husbandry accounts for 30 per cent of the total business of villages, mainly milk. Milk demand in cities has come down by 30 to 35 percent after the lockdown. Tea shops are closed, sweets shops are closed, and purchases range from government to private dairy. Although Amul, which is flowing the rivers of milk in the country, has increased the purchase price of milk to support the farmers at this time, But apart from that, everyone has dropped prices. It was started by Mother Dairy and then private dairy also took the same route.
The other side of this problem is that animal feed became expensive. Due to the closure of factories, processing of cake, churri, cottonseed and peel is stopped, so it is difficult to get feed and its prices have also gone up. If the farmers are able to put less fodder in the compulsion, then buffalo has also reduced milk production. Those who used to do chicken and egg business, the first attack came from the rumor that it could spread corona and then Navratri came. There is also a big crisis in transportation.
The same situation is with vegetables. The crop is good, but there are no laborers to break it. Even if laborers come, how to reach the crop market? In such a situation, think of the farmer who sells the crop once in six months and was waiting for the crop to be cut, bought and paid. Many farmers either take the crop directly from the field to the market or sell it to the merchant. This crop is also stuck at the moment. Now such farmers will have to buy sacks, will have to spend on packing and storage. Don’t know what will happen after that. The chain that delivers goods from the farm to the market is currently closed.
The first path is very clear and straight. Government should open the movement of trucks. As quickly as possible. Of course, the rules should be set, train the drivers, provide cleanliness and safety, but the most important part of the supply chain will start working with the truck running. For this, the police will have to give special instructions that the truckers should not be harassed unnecessarily at this time. It is also being suggested that farmers, especially those who grow vegetables, should be given exemption so that they can sell their crops directly in the town settlements. People will get vegetables cheaply in the nearby city too. 
A big question is also that the people who have returned to the cities, will now live in the village, what will they do? So many people cannot depend on agriculture, because the area is getting smaller and the family is bigger. That’s why people ran to the city. In such a situation, it is now necessary to create employment for the people, whose plans and announcements have been going on for a long time, or to arrange to put money in their pockets, which they can spend. One way is the one suggested by Abhijeet Banerjee. The government distributed some money to everyone. There is a demand that under the PM Kisan Yojana, the amount of Rs 6,000 annually being given to 8.7 crore farmers should be increased to at least Rs 24,000. Similarly, the announcement of adding 500 rupees to the Jan Dhan account of women, This amount should be increased to all the Jan Dhan accounts. The most important suggestion is to increase the limit of Kisan Credit Card from Rs. 3 lakh to Rs. 4.5 lakh or Rs. 6 lakh. This will create demand in the villages, the economy will spin and the Indian economy trapped under pressure will get support from the villages. 
There are thousands of people who have returned to their villages after years. There may be some sprouts in his mind in these days. They think of getting their broken homes repaired. Feel connected to the field and crop. In Uttarakhand, the villages which are called ‘Ghost Village’ or ghostly village, humans have started appearing there. This is an opportunity not only for these people, but also for this country and society, to connect them back to their roots. If we work a little carefully, then the means of business, employment and earning will not stand in the villages, the economy can get a new strength and a new model of development can also come out.

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here