Tuberculosis (Tb) Symptoms And Treatment And Home Remedies
Tuberculosis (Tb) Symptoms And Treatment And Home Remedies

Tuberculosis has been considered a serious health problem globally. About one-third of the world’s population, that is, about two billion people, are infected with TB disease. It is estimated that about 9 million people are getting caught every year. By 2020, about 200 million people are expected to be vulnerable to the disease. This is the reason that in this article of StyleCrease we are trying to give all kinds of information related to TB. We are suggesting some home remedies to help prevent or prevent TB from those who have TB. At the same time, it is necessary to contact the doctor for immediate treatment as soon as there are signs of this serious disease.

Let us first know who is called TB disease.

What is TB – What is TB

Tuberculosis, commonly known as TB, is a serious disease. It is caused by a bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. This bacteria mostly targets the lungs, but it can also damage other parts of the body along with the lungs. It is a disease spread through the air. When a person with TB disease sneezes or coughs, mycobacteriums make the other person prey through the air. If someone’s immune system is weak, then he can easily fall prey to TB disease. If not treated properly, TB can also prove to be fatal. It can be prevented from growing by giving medicine to people infected with TB bacteria (2) .

Let us now take a look at the type of TB.

Types of TB

You are aware that TB disease is a serious disease, but do you know that there are also types of TB. Actually, TB is divided into two types, which is as follows (3) (4) (5) :

1. Latent TB: Tuberculosis bacteria remain in the body during this type of TB, but does not make a person sick. This is because the immune system prevents the germ from spreading. In a person suffering from this type of TB, the disease does not spread and in many cases the symptoms of TB are not seen. Such individuals are not contagious, but are infected with infectious people with TB. Such people are at risk of active TB.

2. Active TB: When the immune system is unable to stop the TB bacteria from growing, then the TB bacteria become active. When the bacteria of TB are active, they multiply in the body. This is called TB disease and active TB. People with TB are ill. These bacteria spread from one person to another, with which infected individuals spend time.

It is important to know the types of TB as well as sites of TB. TB sites, the part of the body that TB is affected by. TB sites are divided into three parts. Below we are talking about this in detail.

Where is TB disease – Sites of TB disease

Usually TB diseases are related to lung, but it is not that TB disease does not affect other parts of the body. Tuberculosis bacteria can also cause spinal TB, stomach TB and bone TB. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), where are the TB diseases, we are giving below in detail (6) :

  1. Pulmonary: TB disease affects the lungs the most and is called pulmonary TB. Pulmonary TB patients usually have a cough. Chest X-rays of people affected by pulmonary tuberculosis can be uncommon and infectious. Although most cases of TB occur in the lungs, it can spread from one organ to another.
  2. Extrapulmonary: Extrapulmonary TB occurs in other parts of the body besides the lungs. This includes abdominal TB, throat, immune system glands, brain, kidney and bone TB. Extrapulmonary TB in HIV-infected individuals is often accompanied by pulmonary TB. If extrapulmonary TB occurs in the mouth or throat, it can be contagious. Also, if there is an abscess and wound during or due to extrapulmonary disease, due to which water comes out, it can be contagious.
  3. Miliary TB disease : Miliary TB disease occurs when tuberculosis bacteria enter the tubercle bacilli blood vessels. These bacteria then spread throughout the body through the blood stream. This condition is rare and very serious. It most commonly occurs in newborns and children under 5 years of age. This TB can be detected by any organ, because bacteria have spread throughout the body. It can also be fatal if not treated in time.
  4. Central Nervous System: This condition occurs when there is TB in the tissue surrounding the tissue instead of TB in the brain or spinal cord. This is called tuberculous meningitis.

In the next part of the article, we are talking about the cause of TB.

Causes of TB – Causes of Tuberculosis

Some of the causes of TB are (7) (8) :

  • This may be caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) bacteria.
  • As we have already mentioned above, TB is an infectious disease, so it can also spread through the air.
  • It can also be caused by a person suffering from TB using an infected handkerchief or towel.
  •  TB can also occur in the stage of HIV.

Next we are talking about the symptoms of TB disease. After this we will talk about home remedies for TB, which can help reduce the symptoms of TB.

Symptoms of TB – TB Symptoms

TB occurs mostly in the lungs, with many symptoms. Below we are talking about common symptoms of TB (2) (3) :

  • Coughing badly for three weeks or more.
  •  Loss of appetite.
  • Mucus and blood flow while coughing.
  • Feeling of weakness or fatigue.
  • Fever
  • Night sweats.
  • Chest pain.
  • Chills

At the same time, symptoms of bone TB include joint pain, back pain and spinal pain. Let’s take a look at the risk factors for TB.

Risk factors of TB

Although the doctor should be contacted for treatment of TB, but to reduce its symptoms, TB can also be treated at home. We will explain more about it in the article. By the way, the higher risk of contracting TB disease is generally divided into two categories (9) (10) :

1. Persons who have recently been infected with TB bacteria:

  • In contact with a person with infectious TB disease.
  • Those returning from a country with high rates of TB.
  • Children under 5 years old.
  • People easily exposed to bacteria.
  • Homeless individuals, injected drug users and people with HIV infection.
  • People who live with TB affected people.
  • Individuals who work with TB patients in hospitals or homeless shelters, corrective facilities and nursing homes.

2. Diseases and physical problems that weaken the immune system

The immune system of infants and young children is often weak. Apart from this, lack of immune system is also seen in people fighting a disease, some of which are:

  •  HIV infection (virus causing AIDS).
  •  drug users.
  • Silicosis (lung related disease).
  • Diabetic patients.
  • Severe kidney disease.
  • Low body weight.
  • Organ transplant.
  • Head and neck cancer.
  • Medical treatment such as corticosteroids.
  • Special treatment for Arthritis.

Apart from this, smoking and alcohol consumption can also cause TB risk. According to a research, smoking is also a risk factor for TB infection and disease. Indoor air pollution, which is caused by the timber emanating from the wood used for cooking, and malabsorption, has also been considered as a risk factor for TB.

For the treatment of TB, the doctor should be contacted only, but to reduce its symptoms, TB can also be treated at home. Come, let’s know about this now.

Some home remedies for TB – Home Remedies for TB

1. Vitamin-D

material:

  • 400 to 800 IU Vitamin-D

Method of use:

  •  Eat foods rich in vitamin-D such as fish, dairy products, cheese and eggs.
  • Vitamin D supplements can also be taken after consulting a doctor.

How often to use:

  • Vitamin-D can be consumed daily.

How beneficial:

Those with vitamin-D deficiency have a higher risk of TB. Therefore, it is believed that the risk of tuberculosis can be avoided by consuming vitamin-D and sitting in the first rays of the sun in the morning. Through vitamin-D, it can help to prevent the infection of mycobacterium tuberculosis causing TB and reduce the problem. Indeed, vitamin-D helps in the production of cytokines (class of proteins), along with strengthening the immune system. This can help prevent TB as well as reduce its symptoms (11) . If you are thinking about taking vitamin-D supplements, then first ask a doctor first.

2. Essential Oil

material:

  • Damiana, Lippia oil and Sage oil
  • Diffuser
  • Water

Method of use:

  • First fill the diffuser with water.
  • Now put 3-4 drops of any of the three oils in a diffuser filled with water.
  • Now inhale it.

How often to use:

  • Do this 1 to 2 times daily.

How beneficial:

According to a study conducted on these three essential oils, they are rich in antimycobacterial properties. These properties help fight against TB bacteria. Therefore, using these essential oils is believed to help in avoiding the symptoms of tuberculosis. Also it can be avoided (12) .

3. Green Tea

material:

  • 1 teaspoon Green Tea
  • 1 cup water
  • Honey

Method of use:

  • Add a spoonful of green tea to a cup of hot water.
  • Sieve it after boiling.
  • Let the tea cool down for a while.
  • Then add honey and drink.

How often to use:

  • Green tea can be consumed 1 to 2 times daily.

How beneficial:

According to the report published on the website of NCBI (National Center for Biotechnology Information), polyphenols called epiglocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) are present in various tea leaves including green tea. This property is believed to inhibit tuberculosis bacteria from growing. Therefore, regular consumption of green tea is considered good for prevention and prevention of TB . Black and Oolong tea can also be consumed along with green tea (13) .

4. Probiotics

material:

  • A bowl containing probiotic foods, such as yogurt

Method of use:

  •  Eat a bowl of yogurt containing probiotics daily.

How often to use:

  • It can be consumed daily.

How beneficial:

Probiotics are a type of living microorganism, ie live microorganisms. They are considered healthy. Indeed, probiotics have the effect of neutralizing bacteria. Therefore, it is believed that it can help prevent TB from growing as well as fight it. Probiotics are present in foods such as yogurt and fermented milk (14) (15) (16) .

5. Garlic

material:

  • 1-2 spoon garlic paste

Method of use:

  • Include one to two spoons of crushed garlic and its paste in the diet.
  • In addition, garlic can also be chewed directly.

How often to use:

  • It can be used regularly every day.

How beneficial:

Garlic helps prevent TB bacteria from spreading. Indeed, it contains compounds called allicin and ajoene, which exhibit antimycobacterial properties. It is also beneficial in fighting against TB bacteria. Therefore, garlic is believed to be helpful in preventing tuberculosis and reducing the symptoms of tuberculosis (17) .

6. Indian Gooseberry

material:

  • 3-4 small gooseberries
  • Water as required
  • Honey as required

Method of use:

  • Remove seeds from three to four small gooseberries.
  • Now add some water and blend it.
  • After blending, extract the juice from it.
  • Then add a little honey to amla juice and drink immediately.

How often to use:

  • It can be drunk once daily on an empty stomach in the morning.

How beneficial:

Vitamin-C present in amla acts as an antioxidant in the body. Therefore, it is considered essential for home remedies for tuberculosis, asthma and bronchitis (18) . At the same time, consuming Jawarish Amla can help in getting some relief from symptoms of TB and problems caused by TB medication, such as dots – nausea, vomiting etc. Jawarish Amla is sweet, semi-solid and granular. This Amla (Emblica officinalis) is made by mixing cow’s milk and sugar. It can also work to increase digestive power and make the liver strong.

7. Whole Pepper

Material :

  • 8-10 whole black peppers
  • Butter and Ghee
  • Lemon and honey

Method of use:

  • Fry black pepper in butter and ghee.
  • Make a paste by mixing a little honey and lemon in it.
  • Drink half a teaspoon of this mixture every hour.
  • You can also add pepper powder to your favorite dishes.

How often to use:

  •  You should do this every day.

How beneficial:

People usually use black pepper to reduce wheezing and sneezing, but it can also be used to treat TB in the home, to reduce symptoms and prevent it. Actually, pepper contains a component called piperine, which has immunomodulatory activity. With this, the body fights bacteria as needed and prevents mycobacterials from growing (19) (20) .

8. Drumstick leaves

material:

  • A fist drumstick leaves
  • 1 cup water
  • 1 teaspoon lemon juice
  • A pinch of salt and pepper

Method of use:

  • Wash one cup of drumstick leaves and pour it in one and a half cups of water.
  • Now put it in a saucepan and boil it and leave it in water for 5 minutes.
  • After this add one spoon lemon juice, a pinch of salt and pepper.
  • Then take it empty stomach in the morning.

How often to use:

  • It can be consumed daily.

How beneficial:

Drumstick leaves are not directly beneficial for TB and tuberculosis, but its antimicrobial properties are believed to prevent tuberculosis-related bacteria from growing in the body (21) . At the moment, further scientific studies need to be done in this regard.

Note: Keep in mind that TB is a serious disease. If anyone experiences symptoms of TB, they should contact the doctor immediately. This is a serious condition, which requires medical consultation and treatment. Home remedies can not cure TB, but can help reduce the symptoms of the disease and prevent its bacteria from spreading.

You already know how to cure tuberculosis at home. Now we are talking about diagnosis and treatment of TB.

Diagnosis and treatment of TB – TB Treatment in Hindi

Timely diagnosis and treatment of a serious condition like TB disease is necessary. We are giving you complete information about this below.

Diagnosis of TB disease:

A diagnosis of TB is necessary to diagnose TB. TB skin and blood tests are done to ensure that someone is suffering from TB. This only clarifies whether the person has TB disease, but it is not known whether the person has latent TB or active TB. Several other tests are done for this, such as chest x-ray and spit sampling. This makes it clear whether the person has latent TB or active TB disease (22) .

Treatment of TB disease:

Treatment of TB disease is possible. TB can be treated by taking several medicines for 6 to 9 months. Currently 10 drugs have been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of TB. Some of the TB drugs are as follows (23):

  • Isoniazid – INH
  • Rifampin – RIF
  • Ethambutol – EMB
  • Pyrazinamide- PZA

In addition, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended the short course DOT (Directly Observed Treatment – Directly observed treatment) to treat TB and improve health care since the early 1990s. It is still used in many countries such as India and America for the treatment of TB disease (24) . According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), DOT also helps TB patients in many ways, some of which are as follows (25) :

  • Health care workers can help remind the TB patient about taking medicines on time, so that the course of medicine can be completed and the treatment shows good results.
  • Instead of taking medicines daily, DOT treatments are required to be taken only 2 or 3 times a week. Health care workers also ensure that medicines are working as they should. They also consider the side effects caused by the medicine.
  • Also answers all questions about TB.

By the way, if someone is allergic to English medicines, then Ayurvedic treatment of TB can also be an option. Keep in mind that an Ayurvedic doctor can be approached for treatment of TB only when the problem is not serious. This is because the Ayurvedic treatment of TB takes time to show its effect.

Next we are talking about which diet should be consumed when suffering from TB. Keep reading this article to know about diet in Tuberculosis.

Diet in TB – Diet for TB

Tuberculosis treatment with tuberculosis requires a nutritious diet, as diet has an important role in tuberculosis. Some TB patients may follow such diets (26) (27) .

TIME TO EATDIET
7:00 amButter toast, half boiled or poached egg; Oatmeal or Oatmeal and Milk
At 11 amRice, Vegetable, Meat Curry, Chutney, Curd and Lemon
Four o’clockMilk, fruits and sweets
Seven o’clockRice, Bread, Vegetables, Lentils, Fish Curry, Milk

Note: If you are allergic to any of the food items mentioned above, do not consume it. Also, if there is something in it, which is not liked, then it can be replaced by any other nutritious food.

  • While taking diet in tuberculosis, it must be kept in mind that the diet must include plenty of calories, protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamin-A, D, E.
  • In particular, consume vitamin C and two oranges per week.
  • Eat fruits and vegetables for essential minerals, zinc, iron, copper and cholesterol.
  • Instead of common salt, use mineral rich salt in addition to chloride.
  • Reduce your intake of carbohydrates and protein from animals.

Below are some tips to prevent TB from spreading.

Prevention of TB – Prevention Tips for TB in Hindi

Preventing the spread and spread of TB disease is said to be the key to its prevention. Early diagnosis and treatment of active TB disease is necessary to prevent infectious TB. Here are some important tips to avoid TB (28) (29) .

  • Always cover the mouth with a cloth or tissue paper while sneezing and coughing.
  • Avoid smoking and do not be exposed to smokers.
  • Avoid drinking alcohol.
  • Do not share your towel and other items with anyone.
  • Wash hands before and after sneezing, coughing and eating.
  • Do not go to the homes of TB affected people.

If someone is affected by TB, it is important to keep these things in mind to prevent the spread of TB:

  • Avoid meeting other people until TB is cured.
  • Avoid going to crowded places and public places before recovering.
  • Keep the windows of the room open so that fresh air is circulated.
  • Avoid traveling in public transport and vehicles.

We have given you detailed information about TB disease. In case of any symptoms related to TB, a doctor should be contacted directly. Along with this, home remedies for diet and TB can also be used to reduce the symptoms of TB and enhance the immune system. Just keep in mind that it is not right to rely solely on home remedies and diet, because TB is a serious disease. It is necessary to be fully treated. Now, below we are answering some questions asked by the readers related to TB. Apart from these, if you have some other questions in your mind, then we can reach them through the comment box below.

frequently asked Questions

What precautions should be taken after treatment for TB?

TB treatment lasts for months. Tuberculosis should be checked once again after the completion of the prescribed treatment for tuberculosis. This will clear that the TB bacteria has been completely got rid of. Also, to avoid the possibility of recurrence of TB disease, the tips mentioned above in the article can be adopted.

How long does TB last in the body?

It takes at least six months for the body to get rid of the bacteria of tuberculosis. Actually, TB disease is treated by taking drugs from 6 to 9 months (23) .

How does TB test work?

There are two types of TB screening to detect infection of TB disease, one is TB skin test and second is TB blood test. A skin test injects small amounts of fluid (called tuberculin) into the skin of the lower arm. If the skin around the injected area becomes hard and red in a day or two, TB can occur. In addition, a second blood test is performed, which, after examination, shows whether tuberculosis bacteria are present in the blood (30) .

When should I go to the doctor?

Symptoms of TB, such as cough, chest pain, fatigue, fever, weight loss and night sweats, should be immediately approached by a doctor. The sooner TB treatment and TB medicine begin, the lower the risk of spreading and increasing tuberculosis.

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