We are celebrating 71st Republic Day today amidst unprecedented ideological duel. This is the first time that the Indian society is grappling with unknown questions on this sacred national festival. Are we going to divide into two streams? If it does, what will it be like for the country? Is the citizenship amendment law really against a particular class? Is this going to endanger India’s federal concept? 

The amazing thing is that everyone involved in this debate is calling for the constitution. To understand what this holy book of Kuljama one lakh, forty-six thousand, three hundred and eighty-five words says, it is necessary to understand its preface. Preamble- We, the people of India, to make India a complete sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic and all its citizens: social, economic and political justice, thought, expression, belief, religion and worship In his Constituent Assembly today, 26 November 1949 AD (Miti Margashirsha Shukla), determined to achieve equality of freedom, prestige and opportunity, and to increase fraternity that ensures the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the nation. Saptami, Samvat two thousand and six Vikramis) hereby adopted, enacted and adopted this constitution.

Nowadays, efforts are being made to mold the heart of these words. Whether it is Shaheen Bagh in Delhi or any other dharna site in Lucknow or Mumbai, everywhere few words are common – Constitution, peace, non-violence, brotherhood etc. After the violence in Uttar Pradesh and Mangalore, the agitators have adopted another tactic. They are leading women and youth. They know that it is not easy to remove them by force. In this time of social media boil, when mole also easily takes the shape of palm, then any bullying can cause wastage. These people want to prolong their movement in a ‘peaceful’ way. They know that the longer the movement, the bigger the headlines. 

The tricolor, revolutionary poems, attempts to tarnish the atmosphere with photographs of Gandhi and Ambedkar have been successful so far, but the events in Lohardaga and Varanasi worry. In Lohardaga, violence erupted after the stone pelting procession in support of the citizenship law. The curfew continues there until these lines are written. Similarly, when the police tried to remove the protesters in Beniabagh in Varanasi, they were stoned. There are also reports of violence from Maharashtra. Needless to tell, if this story was repeated elsewhere, social harmony could be threatened.

The question arises that did the days of universal politics depart forever from our country? 

Before talking about today’s situation, I would like to take you to the members of the Constituent Assembly. Most of them are not among us today, but what they created is enough to show the way to the diversity society of India. This could be because this gathering consisted of people belonging to different religions, classes and movements. On the one hand there were Gandhians like Rajendra Prasad, Jawaharlal Nehru, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and Maulana Azad, on the other hand socialists or leftists like JB Kripalani and Somnath Lahiri. Later, Shyama Prasad Mukherjee was the founder of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, and Ijaz Rasool, the Begum of the Muslim League. MG Ranga was the leader of the farmers, Baldev Singh was there to represent the Sikhs. Baba Saheb Ambedkar himself was leading the Dalit rights. This Constituent Assembly represented every section of India in the true sense and that is why it was able to create such a constitution,

Even today, public representatives of every class are present, but the crack of mistrust among them is widening. They know that the solution to the whole problem is only mutual talk, but some government insistence, so some opposition parties are not letting the path of the middle. The government says that confusion is being spread through opposition parties on the Citizenship Amendment Act. The top leaders of the ruling party are challenging public opposition in public meetings. In response to this, the anti-NDA parties are demanding that the government is doing this to divert attention from the economic plight. They say- Democracy in India is in danger and that is why the famous magazine The Economist has dropped India’s rating to ten. There is a burst of literal arrows from either side. 

There are agitators between these two parties who are expecting a solution from the government. As a result, bitterness continues to increase. 

During this, another dangerous trend is seen raising its head. Many states have refused to implement the new law. The people who are commanding these states know that they cannot do this. Once a law has been made from Parliament, it has to be implemented in the whole country. If they stick to their stubbornness, what will be the result? Isn’t this posing a threat to the country’s federal structure? In some states, the Governor and the Chief Minister are already engaged in mutilating the dignified traditions, this increases the apprehension that all this is part of a long political game. 

It is not that this is happening for the first time. Before this, voices have been raised against ‘Delhi’ in Kashmir and some states of North-East. They were scattered, it was easy to deal with them, but this time all the Chief Ministers who took oath of the Constitution are doing so. From Chandigarh to Trivandrum, this fire is seen all-round. This is the point which shows the helplessness of ‘Gan’ in front of Tantra in the Republic. Does it suit the world’s largest democracy?


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