Now that the Covid-19 pandemic has reached its half-life, the argument may seem absurd that it will prove to be the last of its kind. When we get rid of it – and it will happen – then it is possible that our world will enter a phase in which global epidemics and large-scale disease are considered a thing of the past. Only a few weeks after the initial news of this epidemic from China, I insisted that ‘within the next 15 years the world will be able to carry out’ on-demand ‘vaccines and treatments against many viruses, that is, once the virus is activated. Treatment will be possible. Indeed, we already have the ability to analyze the viral genome as soon as possible. Over the days, this ability will become widespread, which is important for discovery and for a particular species, It will prove effective in identifying jeans etc. With the development of computing power, computer technology and bioinformatics, it will be possible to put together anti-virus molecules, which will be helpful in making vaccines and treating infections. Of course viruses will also change their character, and this game of mouse and cat will continue, but the victory will ultimately be only of humanity. ‘
There are three major reasons for such optimism. The developments in computer technology and synthetic biology or artificial biology (the science of biological organisms, tools and mechanisms in the creation or reconstruction of mechanisms that exist in nature) have led to both the detection and treatment of pathogens. Has revolutionized Secondly, the process of making vaccines etc., according to the rule of Garden Moore (co-founder of Intel), will become increasingly cheaper and better over time. All the recent epidemics, which can count SARS to H1N1, Ebola, Zika and now Covid-19, will increase the talent for biology and epidemiology more and more. And third, the governments of nations in the war against the current Covid-19 epidemic, International organizations and public interest institutions will give priority to greater investment in the field of public health. The combined result of all these trends will emerge as the creation of a world in which infectious diseases, and especially viral epidemics, will be able to integrate into a geography, scope and impact.
Viruses can of course be fatal, but this is very common. They are made up of small amounts of certain proteins and genetic elements such as RNA or DNA. They can be easily analyzed thoroughly. In 2003, it took scientists a few months to completely unmask the 29,727 nucleotides (the basic elements of RNA and DNA) of the SARS virus genome, while Covid-19 means the SARS-Kov-2 corona virus (its genome is the size of the SARS virus. It took only one month for Chinese scientists to analyze it. This was because the technique of virus analysis has become better due to computer technology. Today’s technology is more advanced than two decades ago. That is why today, corona virus patients get tested within a few hours and its cost also comes to around Rs 5,000.
As far as vaccine making and treatment is concerned, the situation has improved on this front too. The whole picture has changed with the coordination of bioinformatics and artificial biology. Just 42 days after the SARS-Cove-2 Corona virus genome was published, biotech company Modern Therapeutics sent the vaccines to the US National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) for clinical trials, which are proposed to begin in April. . It took the company only a week to make this vaccine. As such, it is confident that the vaccine for this new virus will be available in the market as soon as possible, as clinical trials have now become even more rapid and safe.
In addition to inexpensive and efficient computer technology, new software (including machine learning and artificial intelligence) has also changed the whole mathematics of vaccine making and drug discovery. Of course, these are early days and we do not even have vaccines for many minor viruses, but technological advances have given virusologists and vaccine experts a chance to be happy. That is why a career can be made in this field, prizes can be won and money can also be earned. All these reasons will attract more and more talent towards virology, epidemiology, bioinformatics and public health. You will see how in the coming months, research laboratories everywhere around the world start focusing on infectious diseases, especially viral epidemics. Public, private and joint funds will be released in this area, because governments,
And finally, the world will learn from the successes and failures of all countries in the war against the Covid-19 epidemic. We can expect greater international cooperation, rules and procedures in the field of public health, as we saw in the global fight against terrorism after the 9/11 attacks. The seriousness with which governments today face terrorist threats, where did such seriousness appear before the attack on the World Trade Center! The same will be the case with Covid-19. The world will change its attitude against the global epidemic. Viruses, bacteria and other pathogens will surely emerge to stop mankind’s growing move. They will also be successful, because this is the law of nature, but human intelligence will reduce that success to a small extent, where it will be easier to control them.